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Table 1 Calibration data used to estimate divergence times within the carnivore supertree.

From: Updating the evolutionary history of Carnivora (Mammalia): a new species-level supertree complete with divergence time estimates

Clade or split Age of fossil or range of split (in Ma) Fossil or split Reference
Boreoeutheria (1) 96.1 ± 10% Laurasiatheria versus Euarchontoglires [37]
Rodentia (2) 57.25 Tribosphenomys minutus [37]
Rattus versus Mus (3) 12.0 Split between Rattus and Mus [33]
Chiroptera (4) 52.2 Ageina tobieni [37]
Cetartiodactyla versus Perissodactyla (5) 52.2 Diacodexis sp., Orientolophis sp., Pakicetus inachus [37]
Carnivora (7) 50.0 Split between Caniformia and Feliformia Modified from [33]
Felidae (10) 31.15 Proailurus jordani [37]
Viverridae (50) 25.72 Palaeoprionodon lamandini [37]
Hyaenidae (83) 19.5 Herpestides sp. OBE (unpublished)
Canidae (123) 43.35 Procynodictis vulpiceps [37]
Ursidae (124) 19.5 Ursavus brevirhinus [37]
Phocidae (202) 19.5 Pinnarctidion bishopi [37]
  1. Unless otherwise indicated, point estimates were also taken to be minimum age constraints. For date ranges, the initial calibration point was the midpoint of the range.