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Table 1 Case studies where heritable bacteria commonly transfer horizontally on an ecological timescale

From: Arthropods and inherited bacteria: from counting the symbionts to understanding how symbionts count

Bacterium Movement occurs between Ecological context References
Arsenophonus nasoniae Parasitic wasp species Sharing of host pupa [19]
A. phytopathogenicus Species of phytophagous Hemiptera Through plant phloem [20]
Rickettsia Bemisia whiteflies Through plant phloem [21]
Wolbachia Parasitic wasp species Sharing of host egg [22]
Hamiltonella defensa Aphids Via exterior of the ovipositor of parasitic wasps [23]