Effect of suppression of SeABCC2 or SeABCC3 gene expression on pupation (A, B, and C) and adult emergence (D) of S. exigua . The expression of SeABCC2 or SeABCC3 gene was suppressed by feeding dsSeABCC2 or dsSeABCC3 to newly molted second instar larvae. A viral gene (ORF302)-specific dsRNA (dsCON) was used for a dsRNA control. Each treatment was replicated three times. (A) Pupation, (B) pupal weight, (C) pupal duration and (D) adult emergence after dsRNA feeding were measured. Each replicate used 10 larvae. Different letters above standard deviation bars indicate significant differences among means at Type I error = 0.05 (LSD test). dsRNA, double-stranded RNA, LSD, least significant difference.