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Table 1 Relevant clinical and demographic parameters of the training groups (Constraint-Induced aphasia therapy, CIAT; Model-based aphasia therapy, MB).

From: Intensive language training enhances brain plasticity in chronic aphasia

ID Group Sex Age Onset (months)1 Etiology Syndrome Severity
1 CIAT female 35 33 hemorrhagic Not-class. mild
2 CIAT female 53 32 hemorrhagic Broca mild
3 CIAT male 51 13 ischemic Wernicke moderate
4 CIAT male 69 33 ischemic Wernicke mild
52 CIAT female 70 38 hemorrhagic Wernicke moderate
6 CIAT male 51 29 hemorrhagic Broca moderate
7 CIAT female 47 54 hemorrhagic Not-class. moderate
8 CIAT female 67 42 ischemic Amnesic mild
9 CIAT male 49 92 ischemic Broca moderate
10 CIAT male 41 46 hemorrhagic Not-class. mild
11 CIAT male 66 26 ischemic Not-class. moderate
12 CIAT male 39 56 ischemic Amnesic mild
13 CIAT male 36 12 ischemic Broca mild
14 CIAT female 47 87 ischemic Broca moderate
15 CIAT female 53 50 ischemic Broca moderate
16 CIAT female 80 23 ischemic Wernicke mild
17 CIAT male 47 29 ischemic Broca moderate
18 CIAT female 36 32 ischemic Global moderate
19 MB male 59 39 hemorrhagic Not-class. mild
20 MB male 37 36 ischemic Broca moderate
21 MB female 49 28 ischemic Global severe
22 MB male 57 40 ischemic Broca mild
23 MB male 62 156 ischemic Broca moderate
242 MB female 76 13 ischemic Global moderate
25 MB male 66 64 ischemic Broca moderate
26 MB female 65 29 hemorrhagic Broca moderate
27 MB female 47 53 ischemic Broca mild
28 MB female 75 40 ischemic Not-class. moderate
N = 28 18 CIAT 10 MB 14 ♀/14 ♂ 54,6 43,8 20 I, 8 H   N = 26
  1. 1 MRI was acquired within the two-week training period. 2 For patients 5 and 24, MRI could not be acquired within the training period. Lesions of the left hemisphere were verified by clinical case report forms obtained from earlier clinical presentation (for both patients, MRI was performed immediately after the insult).
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