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Table 1 Definition of geographic regions.

From: African-American mitochondrial DNAs often match mtDNAs found in multiple African ethnic groups

Geographical regions Historical areas Major inclusive countries
West Senegambia Senegal, Gambia, northern Guinea
  Upper Guinea Guinea, Sierra Leone, northwestern Liberia, parts of Mali
  Gold Coast Ghana, Burkina Faso
  Bight of Benin Western Nigeria, Benin
West Central Bight of Bonny Eastern Nigeria, western Cameroon
  Central Africa Angola, the Congos, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
South   Namibia, South Africa
Southeast Mozambique Mozambique, western Malagasy
East   Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Somalia, southern Sudan
North Magrib Morocco, Algeria, Spanish Sahara, Mauritania, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, northern Sudan