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Table 3 Taxa and samples used in the study, their gall types, willow hosts, and collection data

From: Reciprocal diversification in a complex plant-herbivore-parasitoid food web

Genus (gall type) Species Salix host Sample code Specimen Location and date Collector
Pontania (Leaf blade sausage gall) dolichura phylicifolia 04151/Q1 Larva Korvua, Finland, 9.vii.2004 T. Nyman
  glaucae glauca 97194/Q2 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 4.viii.1997 T. Nyman
  lapponicola lapponum 05149/Z1 Larva Nuorgam, Finland, 3.vii.2005 T. Nyman
  nigricantis myrsinifolia 04236/Q3 Larva Hintertux, Austria, 8.viii.2004 T. Nyman
  virilis purpurea 05018/Y2 Larva Kiesnitz, Oder, Germany, 18.v.2005 A. Liston
Pontania (Leaf blade bean gall) bridgmanii aurita , caprea, cinerea 97076/Q4 Larva Mekrijärvi, Finland, 22.vii.1997 T. Nyman, A. Zinovjev
  proxima alba, fragilis 04388/Q5 Larva Oulu, Finland, 8.x.2004 T. Nyman
  triandrae triandra 97455/Q6 Larva Keminmaa, Finland, 29.vii.1997 T. Nyman
  obscura foetida 04264/X6 Larva Hintertux, Austria, 9.viii.2004 T. Nyman
  "bridgmanii 2" appendiculata 04125/X1 Larva Vent-Sölden, Austria, 20.vi.2004 T. Nyman
Pontania (Leaf midrib bean gall) foetidae foetida 04263/Q9 Larva Hintertux, Austria, 9.viii.2004 T. Nyman
  herbaceae herbacea 98230/QX Larva Abisko, Sweden, 12.viii.1998 T. Nyman
  lapponica lapponum 98308/R1 Larva Abisko, Sweden, 16.viii.1998 T. Nyman
  maculosa helvetica 04308/R2 Larva Vent, Austria, 12.viii.2004 T. Nyman
  retusae retusa 04243/R3 Larva Hintertux, Austria, 8.viii.2004 T. Nyman
  vesicator purpurea 04200/R5 Larva Obergurgl, Austria, 5.viii.2004 T. Nyman
Pontania (Leaf midrib pea gall) acutifoliae daphnoides daphnoides 97490/R6 Larva Latvia, 22.viii.1997 H. Roininen, A. Zinovjev
  arcticornis phylicifolia 98328/R7 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 18.viii.1998 T. Nyman
  collactanea repens, rosmarinifolia 04124/R8 Larva Blåvand, Denmark, 16.vi.2004 T. Nyman
  gallarum caprea 98132/R9 Larva Joensuu, Finland, 21.vii.1998 T. Nyman
  glabrifrons lanata 98335/RX Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 19.viii.1998 T. Nyman
  hastatae hastata 01153/S1 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 9.viii.2001 T. Nyman
  kriechbaumeri eleagnos 04333/S2 Larva Pertisau, Austria, 13.viii.2004 T. Nyman
  myrsiniticola myrsinites 98364/S3 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 23.viii.1998 T. Nyman
  nivalis glauca, glaucosericea 98346/S4 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 20.viii.1998 T. Nyman
  norvegica borealis 98374/S5 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 26.viii.1998 T. Nyman
  pedunculi cinerea 98393/S6 Larva Janakkala, Finland, 13.viii.1998 A. Zinovjev
  reticulatae reticulata 04240/S7 Larva Hintertux, Austria, 8.viii.2004 T. Nyman
  samolad lapponum 98373/S8 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 25.viii.1998 T. Nyman
  varia myrsinifolia 98198/Z2 Larva Joensuu, Finland, 20.vii.1998 T. Nyman
  viminalis purpurea 04226/SX Larva Sölden, Austria, 7.viii.2004 T. Nyman
Euura (Bud gall) hastatae hastata 97497/T1 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 13.viii.1997 T. Nyman
  lanatae lanata 98024/T2 ♀, ex larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 15.viii.1997 T. Nyman
  lappo lapponum 98362/T3 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 23.viii.1998 T. Nyman
  mucronata aurita 04385/T4 Larva Oulu, Finland, 8.ix.2004 T. Nyman
  gemmafoetidae foetida 04360/T5 Larva Hintertux, Austria, 9.viii.2004 T. Nyman
  boreoalpina glauca 98363/T6 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 23.viii.1998 T. Nyman
  gemmahelveticae helvetica 04363/T7 Larva Vent, Austria, 4.viii.2004 T. Nyman
  myrsinifoliae myrsinifolia 98371/T8 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 23.viii.1998 T. Nyman
Euura (Shoot gall) atra alba, fragilis 97005/T9 ♀, ex pupa Joensuu, Finland, 30.v.1997 T. Nyman
  eleagnos eleagnos 04357/TX Larva Pertisau, Austria, 13.viii.2004 T. Nyman
  lapponica lapponum 98329/V1 Larva Kilpisjärvi, Finland, 19.viii.1998 T. Nyman
Euura (Petiole gall) venusta aurita, caprea, cinerea 00038/V3 Larva Joensuu, Finland, 20.viii.2000 T. Nyman
Outgroups       
Phyllocolpa (Leaf fold/roll) carinifrons 1 pentandra 98120/C2 Larva Kesälahti, Finland, 16.vii.1998 H. Roininen
  anomaloptera 2 caprea 97097/X9 Larva Joensuu, Finland, 18.vii.1997 T. Nyman
  alienata 3 aurita, cinerea 04055/X5 Larva Nymindegab, Denmark, 17.vi.2004 T. Nyman
  sp. (near tuberculata) starkeana 97063/E9 Larva St. Petersburg, Russia, 15.vi.1997 A. Zinovjev
Nematus (External feeder) melanaspis pentandra 01092/D6 ♀, ex larva Parikkala, Finland, 24.vi.2001 T. Nyman
  1. In the case of oligophagous species, the host of the sampled individual is underlined
  2. 1Species name according to recent revision [33], previously named P. excavata.
  3. 2Species name according to recent revision [34], previously named P. leucapsis.
  4. 3Species name according to recent revision [35], previously named P. coriacea.