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Table 2 Mean wingbeat rates for escape flights of Pileated Woodpeckers over the first four wingbeats, the second four wingbeats, and the overall mean, combining both phases of flight

From: Video analysis of the escape flight of Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus: does the Ivory-billed Woodpecker Campephilus principalis persist in continental North America?

  mean wingbeat rate (beats s -1 )
  Wingbeats Wingbeats Overall
  1–4 5–8 mean
PIWO flight 1 7.1 - 3.9
PIWO flight 2 6.7 4.4 5.0
PIWO flight 3 8.6 4.0 6.7
PIWO flight 4 8.0 5.7 6.0
Luneau video 8.6 8.6 8.6
  1. The underlined results represent rates that are comparable or equivalent to the woodpecker described in Fitzpatrick et al [1]. Calculations based on data presented in Table 1.