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Table 1 List of NMR-visible metabolites assigned in earthworm extracts

From: 'Systems toxicology' approach identifies coordinated metabolic responses to copper in a terrestrial non-model invertebrate, the earthworm Lumbricus rubellus

Compound Relative concentrationa Abbreviation Numberb Functional classc
Acetate 10 Ac 1 Organic acid
Adenosine 9.3 Ado 2 Nucleoside
ADP 5.9 ADP 3 Energy
Alanine 62 Ala 4 AA
AMP 5.8 AMP 5 Energy
Asparagine 11 Asp 6 Basic AA
Aspartate 5.8 Asp 7 AA
ATP 0.76 ATP 8 Energy
Betaine 11 Bet 9 Membrane
Choline 2.9 Cho 10 Membrane
Dimethylamine 1.7 DMA 11 Other
N,N-dimethylhistidine 5.6 DMH 12 His compound
Fumarate 3.1 Fum 13 Organic acid
Glucose 27 Gluc 14 Sugar
Glucose-6-phosphate 0 G6P 15 Sugar
Glutamate 52 Glu 16 AA
Glutamine 34 Gln 17 Basic AA
Glycine 23 Gly 18 Membrane
HEFS 100 HEFS 19 Membrane
Histidine 2.4 His 20 His compound
Inosine 13 Ino 21 Nucleoside
myo-Inositol 12 m-Ins 22 Membrane
scyllo-inositol 9.9 s-Ins 23 Membrane
Isoleucine 6 Ile 24 Lipophilic AA
Lactate 47 Lac 25 Organic acid
Leucine 17 Leu 26 Lipophilic AA
Lombricine 78 Lom 27 Energy
Lysine 18 Lys 28 Basic AA
Malate 43 Mal 29 Organic acid
Mannose 3.3 Man 30 Sugar
Methionine 1 Met 31 AA
3-Methylhistidine 0.27 3MH 32 His compound
Nicotinate 2.9 Nic 33 Nucleoside
Phenylalanine 7.2 Phe 34 Lipophilic AA
Phosphoethanolamine 21 PE 35 Membrane
Succinate 15 Succ 36 Organic acid
Threonine 10 Thr 37 AA
Tryptophan 2 Trp 38 Lipophilic AA
Tyrosine 6.4 Tyr 39 Lipophilic AA
Uridine 1.3 Uri 40 Nucleoside
Valine 8.9 Val 41 Lipophilic AA
Xanthine 7.2 Xan 42 Nucleoside
  1. aMean value, expressed as a percentage of the most concentrated metabolite (HEFS).
  2. bNumber refers to label in Additional file 1.
  3. cCorresponds to the labels in Figure 2. AA, amino acid.