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Table 1 Ethogram' of zebrafish related to vision

From: Focusing on optic tectum circuitry through the lens of genetics

Behavior Description Tectum involved? Selected references
Visual startle Sudden fast start following sudden changes in ambient light levels Unknown [6264]
Photomotor response Muscle contractions in response to very bright light No [65]
Visual background adaptation Neuro-endocrine response of melanophore pigment cells to ambient light levels; melanin granules aggregate in bright light No; probably AF1 [66, 67]
Circadian photoentrainment Responses in physiology and behavior to the natural light-dark cycle No; probably AF1 [68, 69]
Phototaxis Swimming and turning toward a light source Yes [7072]
Scototaxis Preference for a dark compartment Unknown [73]
Dorsal light response Tilting of the body axis toward a light source No [74]
Optokinetic response Slow eye movements following the motion of a large stimulus; punctuated by saccades No; possibly AF9 [62, 67, 70, 75, 76]; F Kubo and HB, unpublished work
Optomotor response Turning and swimming in the direction of a large moving stimulus No [67, 7779]
Visually mediated dispersal Keeping a minimum distance to other fish larvae Unknown AB Arrenberg and HB, unpublished work
Visual obstacle avoidance Fast start to prevent collision with approaching object Yes [80]
Visual escape response Escape turn away from any large moving object Yes [81]
Prey capture Complex behavior involving J turns, slow tracking swims and fast capture swims in pursuit of small prey Yes [16, 8284]
Predator avoidance Complex escape behavior; probably requires predator recognition Yes [85, 86]
Shoaling Grouping with conspecifics; shown by juvenile and adult fish Unknown [8791]
Visual mate choice Preference of particular shapes as reproductive stimuli by adult fish Unknown [92]