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Table 1 Cone pigment subsets exhibited by the cichlid species examined

From: Functional diversity in the color vision of cichlid fishes

  Subset Individuals Visual pigment Cones Frequency (%)
    SWS1 SWS2b SWS2a RH2b RH2a LWS   
M. zebra 1 3 382 ± 1 427   492 ± 2 537 ± 3   4 27.3
  2 8 380 ± 4   460 ± 2 490 ± 4 535 ± 7   4 72.7
M. auratus 3 4 374 424   485 525 561 5 36.4
  4 1 380   463 494 543   4 9.1
  5 1   429   497 547   3 9.1
  6 1 374   457 485 525 561 5 9.1
  7 1   424 457 485 526 562 5 9.1
  8 2   424   485 525 561 4 18.2
  9 1    457 485 525 561 4 9.1
P. taeniolatus 6 3 379 ± 1   457 488 ± 3 530 ± 2 567 ± 8 5 25.0
  7 5   428 457 489 ± 2 532 ± 2 574 ± 3 5 41.7
  9 2   428 457 487 ± 1   567 ± 6 4 16.7
  10 1   428 457 494   571 4 8.3
  11 1   428 457   529 571 4 8.3
  1. In total, 11 different subsets of cone pigments were identified across the species studied. The number of individuals that exhibited each pigment subset, the number of cone classes included in each subset and the frequency of each cone pigment subset per species are indicated. The λmax (nm) values of cone pigments that comprised each subset are given (means ± SD).