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Table 1 Influence of sex and behavioural state on urine release

From: To signal or not to signal? Chemical communication by urine-borne signals mirrors sexual conflict in crayfish

Level Least squares mean Standard error Tukey HSD test
Male dominant 28.0 1.9 A
Female dominant 18.4 2.6 B
Female mating 16.5 2.6 B
Male subordinate 16.0 2.6 BC
Female subordinate 15.0 1.9 B
Male mating 5.5 2.6 C
  1. Results from post hoc analysis of two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) analysing interaction effects of behavioural state (dominant, subordinate, reproductive interaction) and sex on duration of urine release. Least square means and standard error are adjusted values for average urine release time as predicted by the general linear model when all other factors are controlled for. Levels not connected by the same letter are significantly different (P < 0.05, post hoc Tukey honestly significant difference (HSD) test).