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Table 2 Gene expression distributions characterized via in situ hybridization.

From: The zebra finch neuropeptidome: prediction, detection and expression

Gene name Gene symbol Entrez gene ID Brain region MS
    Area X LMAN HVC RA ME/PIT POA HP S TN MHYP  
Adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide 1 (pituitary) ADCYAP1 100225028 - - -
Neuropeptide VF precursor (gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone) NPVF 100038821 - - - - - - - - -
Proenkephalin PENK 100190068 - - - - - -
Carboxypeptidase N, polypeptide 2 CPN2 100222124 - - - - - *
Chromogranin B (secretogranin 1) CHGB 100230980 - -
Hypocretin (orexin) neuropeptide precursor HCRT 100225610 - - - - - - - *
Mesotocin-neurophysin I MST 100220528 -
Neuropeptide Y NPY 100232180 - - -
Neurotensin NTS 100190409 - - - - -
Proopiomelanocortin POMC 100219426 - - - - -
Somatostatin SST 100219295 - - -
Tachykinin, precursor 1 TAC1 100227778 - - - - -
Vasoactive intestinal peptide VIP 100217965 - - -
Cerebellin 1 precursor CBLN1 unpredicted - - - *
Phosphatidylethanolamine binding protein 1 PEBP1 100190590 - - - *
  1. The distributions of 15 genes have been determined via in situ hybridization (ISH), with the distribution of expression being highlighted in four major song nuclei (Area X, LMAN, HVC, RA) and other behaviorally-relevant brain areas. For each specific brain region, a check mark (√) indicates detected by ISH and a dash (-) indicates no expression as characterized by ISH. In the mass spectrometry (MS) column, a check mark (√) indicates confirmation via MS and an asterisk (*) indicates their homologues are identified in other species. Abbreviations used for non-song control brain areas: ME/PIT-median eminence or pituitary; POA-preoptic area; HP-principle cells of the hippocampus; S-septal nuclei; TN-nucleus taeniae; MHYP-ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus or paraventricular nucleus.