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Table 1 Retention time of transient plastids in dinoflagellates under laboratory conditions

From: Plastid evolution: gene transfer and the maintenance of 'stolen' organelles

Dinoflagellate host Source of transient plastids Retention time Reference
Dinophysis caudata Teleaulax sp.
Around 2 months [8]
Dinophysis fortii Teleaulax amphioxeia
At least 40 days [11]
Gymnodinium acidotum Chroomonas sp. (cryptophyte) At least 10 days [5]
Gymnodinium 'gracilentum' Rhodomonas salina (cryptophyte) 1-2 days [9]
Pfiesteria piscicida Rhodomonas sp. (cryptophyte) At least 9 days2 [13]
Unnamed dinoflagellate Phaeocystis antarctica (haptophyte) 5-8 months [14]
  1. 1D. caudata and D. fortii cannot sequester plastids directly from the cryptophyte cells, and instead obtain them from the ciliate Myrionecta rubra that consumes cryptophytes.
  2. 2Retention time varies depending on light intensity.