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Table 1 Estimated coalescence ages of mtDNA haplogroup M9a'b and its sub-haplogroups based on different calibration rates.

From: Inland post-glacial dispersal in East Asia revealed by mitochondrial haplogroup M9a'b

   Entire mitochondrial genome Only synonymous mutations   Transitions in 16090 to 16365
Node/Clade Na ρ σ Tb(ky) ΔTb(ky) ρ σ Tc(ky) ΔTc(ky) Na ρ σ Td(ky) ΔTd(ky)
M9a'b 120 10.83 2.01 28.0 5.2 3.28 1.14 26.2 9.1      
M9a 118 8.86 1.48 22.9 3.8 2.23 0.59 17.8 4.7      
M9a* (w/o M9a1) 15 7.40 1.11 19.1 2.9 2.73 0.52 21.8 4.2 50 1.20 0.46 22.6 8.7
M9a5 5 4.40 1.26 11.4 3.3 1.40 0.53 11.2 4.2      
M9a4 7 5.57 1.32 14.4 3.4 1.71 0.49 13.7 4.0      
M9a1 103 8.07 1.36 20.9 3.5 2.16 0.67 17.2 5.3      
M9a1b 35 5.03 1.35 13.0 3.5 1.37 0.37 11.0 3.0      
M9a1b* (w/o M9a1b1) 8 3.13 1.04 8.1 2.7 0.88 0.38 7.0 3.0 41 0.51 0.16 9.7 3.0
M9a1b1 27 3.59 0.68 9.3 1.8 1.52 0.47 12.1 3.8 274 0.55 0.23 10.5 4.3
M9a1a 67 7.19 1.43 18.6 3.7 2.60 1.01 20.8 8.1      
M9a1a2 8 3.13 1.17 8.1 3.0 0.63 0.33 5.0 2.6 65e 0.60 0.19 11.3 3.5
M9a1a1 56 6.59 1.37 17.0 3.5 1.77 0.66 14.1 5.3      
M9a1a1* (w/o M9a1a1c) 21 4.00 1.01 10.3 2.6 1.43 0.32 11.4 2.6 48 0.77 0.30 14.5 5.7
M9a1a1c 35 6.14 1.55 15.9 4.0 0.97 0.28 7.8 2.2      
M9a1a1c1 34 5.21 1.25 13.5 3.2 0.94 0.28 7.5 2.3      
M9a1a1c1* (w/o M9a1a1c1b) 9 3.33 1.03 8.6 2.7 1.67 0.94 13.3 7.5 67 0.39 0.14 7.3 2.6
M9a1a1c1b 25 3.88 1.32 10.0 3.4 0.68 0.18 5.4 1.5      
M9a1a1c1b (@16291) 24 2.88 0.94 7.4 2.4 0.58 0.18 4.7 1.4 170 0.32 0.08 6.1 1.5
M9a1a1c1b (@16291-711) 21 1.90 0.35 4.9 0.9 0.48 0.16 3.8 1.3      
  1. a Number of mtDNA sequences.
  2. b Using the corrected molecular clock proposed by Soares et al. [60].
  3. c According to the recalibrated synonymous rate of Loogväli et al. [61]. The rate of Soares et al. [60] (7,884 years/synonymous substitution) was similar to Loogväli et al. [61] (7990 years/synonymous substantiation), and age estimates based on this rate were not listed in the Table.
  4. d Using the corrected molecular clock proposed by Soares et al. [60].
  5. e The numbers of mtDNAs refer the sequences allocated into M9a1a2 with additional back-mutation 16362.