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Fig. 4 | BMC Biology

Fig. 4

From: Thioester-containing proteins regulate the Toll pathway and play a role in Drosophila defence against microbial pathogens and parasitoid wasps

Fig. 4

Survival to parasitoid wasps. Second instar larvae were exposed to female parasitoid wasps, and the emergence of wasps (black boxes) and flies (white boxes) was monitored. Of note, a significant fraction of infested animals die as larvae and pupae (dashed boxes). We observed a significant difference in the outcome of infection between the TEPq Δ and the wild-type flies (a A. tabida, chi-square = 97.59, df = 3, P < 0.001; b L. boulardi, chi-square = 14.81, df = 3, P = 0.02). In the case of L. boulardi infections, flies carrying a lamellocyte marker (misshapen-Gal4, UAS-mCherry) were used to monitor lamellocyte differentiation. Results are represented as a sum of a minimum of three independent experiments. Statistical significance was calculated using Pearson’s chi-square test

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