Z4-11Al mediates long range attraction and courtship in D. melanogaster.
a Upwind flights to 10 ng/min of Z4-11Al and (R)-linalool, followed by landing at the source, in D. melanogaster (Dalby) males and females, D. melanogaster (Zimbabwe) males, and D. simulans males. Lower case letters indicate statistical differences between test insect strains and species, for each treatment. Asterisks indicate significant differences between treatments (n = 40, P < 0.001; binomial generalized linear models (GLMs) followed by post-hoc Wald pairwise comparison tests). b Upwind flights to 10 ng/min of Z4-11Al and (R)-linalool in D. melanogaster (Canton-S) males expressing a tetanus toxin in olfactory sensory neurons expressing Or69a, and in the parental lines. Letters indicate statistical differences within treatments (n = 40, P < 0.001; binomial GLM, followed by Post-hoc Wald pairwise comparison tests)