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Table 2 Parallel divergences between model tunicates and vertebrates

From: A phylogenomic framework and timescale for comparative studies of tunicates

Nodes Tunicates Nodes Vertebrates
Mean date ± SD (Mya) Sequence similarity (aa) Mean date ± SD (Mya) Sequence similarity (aa)
CionaOikopleura 447 ± 20 64.3% HomoCallorhinchus 443 ± 4 88.7%
CionaBotryllus 389 ± 32 79.5% HomoLatimeria 391 ± 3 90.9%
MolgulaBotryllus 350 ± 36 80.3% HomoXenopus 349 ± 2 91.3%
CionaPhallusia 285 ± 37 85.7% GallusAnolis 271 ± 6 93.6%
BotryllusHalocynthia 277 ± 35 88.5% GallusAnolis 271 ± 6 93.6%
SalpaDoliolum 238 ± 44 80.5% SphenodonAnolis 243 ± 10 93.5%
BostrichobranchusMolgula 219 ± 35 86.3% GallusCrocodylus 218 ± 16 95.3%
Molgula occidentalisMolgula tectiformis 176 ± 32 88.1% PhrynopsChrysemys 180 ± 19 98.0%
Ciona robustaCiona savignyi 122 ± 33 92.5% XenopusSilurana 140 ± 14 95.2%
  1. Mya: million years ago, aa: amino acids
  2. The reported values indicate mean divergence dates and associated standard deviations obtained from a Bayesian relaxed molecular clock under the CAT-GTR + Γ4 model and the percentage of amino acid sequence identity for each couple
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