Skip to main content


Fig. 7 | BMC Biology

Fig. 7

From: Light sheet theta microscopy for rapid high-resolution imaging of large biological samples

Fig. 7

LSTM enables rapid volumetric imaging of highly motile animals. Live samples can undergo substantial non-isomorphic rearrangements in their body shape and cellular density, resulting in continuously changing local optical properties. LSM is particularly susceptible to misalignments and other aberrations because of the use of orthogonal light sheet illumination. LSTM is uniquely suitable for rapid volumetric live imaging of such difficult samples, as demonstrated by imaging of highly motile Hydra. a Hydra image is shown at different time points to highlight the non-isomorphic changes in freely moving animal. b LSTM was used to perform long-term (> 1 h demonstrated, Additional file 12: Video 7 [29]) high-resolution live imaging of an adult Hydra expressing GCaMP6s [31]. Each volume consists of 17 z-planes. Manual tracking and analyses of calcium signaling were performed for the first ~ 500 s of recording. Maximum intensity projections covering the two halves are shown. Representative neuronal traces are shown for cells marked in corresponding colors. As shown in Additional file 13: Video 8 [29], the neuronal traces correlate with the rapid longitudinal contraction behavior of Hydra, and the other two traces are part of rhythmic potential circuits, in excellent agreement with the observations reported recently [31]. Scale bars are 100 μm

Back to article page