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Fig. 1 | BMC Biology

Fig. 1

From: Biological clock function is linked to proactive and reactive personality types

Fig. 1

Behavioural testing in zebrafish. Behavioural testing in zebrafish. a Schematic overview of the group emergence test used in this study. A fish tank was used that consisted of two compartments separated by a wall with a closable hatch. A batch of ten fish was introduced into the darkened holding compartment of this tank. After a 10-min acclimation period, the hatch was opened and fish were allowed to emerge into the uncovered, well lit, second compartment, and the emergence time was recorded. After emergence, individual fish were collected and grouped according to emergence rank (1–10), with number 1 designated early emerger (EE) and number 10 late emerger (LE). The emergence order is considered a measure for risk-taking behaviour, which is a widely used proxy for coping style. b Behavioural traits are correlated across situation and time: single emergence time plotted against group emergence ranks. Data were collected from 24 batches of 10 adult zebrafish (N = 187) in the group emergence test (rank) and subsequent single emergence test (time), with a significant correlation between emergence rank in the group test and time in the single test (Spearman rank test). c Aggressiveness correlates with risk-taking behaviour within a coping style: individuals previously ranked during a group emergence test were subjected to a mirror-image stimulation. Upon exposure to their own mirror image, the number of aggressive behaviours (AGR; bites to the image, parallel swimming, circles and strikes) were counted and divided by the measuring period minus the duration of freezing bouts and approach latency. The resulting AGR frequency (s−1) was significantly correlated with emergence rank (Spearman rank test, N = 59)

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