• Within one’s home institution|
° Catalyze open science practices through seminars, workshops, hackathons, contests .
° Join groups that advocate evaluation or promotion criteria in support of open science.
° Pursue funding opportunities that require or permit open intellectual property.
° Opt for open methods rather than proprietary, licensed products.
° Strive toward reproducibility.
° Apply liberal licenses to documents and software.
° Store data in free and open access repositories.
° Forge ties across labs to share resources.
° Collaborate with institutions that require open standards.
° Use collaborative software and collaborative software engineering practices.
° Publish a code of conduct for each project to clarify roles and to help resolve disputes.
° Clarify contributor roles at the outset of a project to assign appropriate credit and accountability, especially for open contributions.
° Clarify when contributions to a project can be released.
° Avail oneself of experts in alternative and complementary methods to reduce bias , evaluate methods, and corroborate results.
° Participate in interdisciplinary open science and collaboration events.
• Publications and presentations
° Preregister research, and openly publish the preregistration.
° Encourage participation of scientists and non-scientists alike.
° Publish and present in venues and in accessible language intended for general audiences, and audiences of different disciplines.
° Publish in open access venues and follow FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable) principles.
° Publish in open data and open methods journals.
° Follow community-supported data format and reporting guidelines.
° Insist on publishing experimental protocols and negative results.
° Boycott review or submission for publishers and publications that flout open standards.
° When reviewing others’ work, acknowledge attempts and provide recommendations toward more open science practices.
° Participate in open peer review, especially in languages other than English.
° Include an ethics section to articulate ethical considerations and implications.
° Study and report the costs and benefits of your own open practices.
° Make it clear where people can access open resources that you mention.
° When someone else mentions a resource, ask about access and usage restrictions.
° Include open resources on one’s webpage and CV.
• Social media
° Use and contribute to wikis and social Q&A networks.
° Do not engage in ad hominem attacks.
° Do not take others’ comments personally; respond to the science and request guidance toward better open science practices.
° Tactfully ask clarifying questions to help guide a discussion toward a useful resolution.
° Publicly acknowledge contributions to open science projects whenever possible.