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Fig. 1 | BMC Biology

Fig. 1

From: Ancient role of vasopressin/oxytocin-type neuropeptides as regulators of feeding revealed in an echinoderm

Fig. 1

Asterotocin: a vasopressin/oxytocin (VP/OT)-type neuropeptide in the starfish Asterias rubens. a Amino acid sequence of the A. rubens asterotocin precursor with the predicted signal peptide shown in blue, a predicted cleavage site shown in green, the asterotocin peptide shown in red with a C-terminal glycine that is a putative substrate for amidation shown in orange and the neurophysin domain shown in purple. b Structure of the mature asterotocin peptide as determined by mass spectrometry (Additional file 1), with a disulphide bridge between the two cysteine residues and with C-terminal amidation. c Clustal-X alignment of asterotocin (A_rub) with VP/OT-type peptides from other animals reveals that the pair of cysteine residues (asterisks) is conserved in all of the peptides, whereas other residues are conserved in a subset of the peptides. Full species names within each taxonomic group (Ambulacraria, Chordata and Protostomia) and corresponding accession numbers for the peptide sequences are listed in Table S1 of Additional file 3

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