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Table 3 Analyses of molecular variance according to successive hierarchical grouping

From: Global population genetic structure and demographic trajectories of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens

a)   Proportion of variance (%)
  Source of variance Wild Captive Combined provenances
  Between subcontinents 7.41 10.18 7.79
  Between populations within subcontinents 17.16 13.10 17.07
  Between individuals within populations 5.12 7.32 6.38
  Within individuals 70.32 69.40 68.76
b)   Proportion of variance (%)
  Source of variance Africa Asia Australia Central America Europe North America South America All regions
  Between provenances 9.72 5.36 − 1.18 − 0.66 16.66 10.43 − 0.09 4.28
  Between populations within provenances 16.97 18.01 18.78 15.42 12.48 6.83 13.57 21.31
  Between individuals within populations 3.50 9.53 7.31 6.70 5.47 6.52 10.55 6.32
  Within individuals 69.81 67.11 75.09 78.53 65.39 76.22 75.98 68.09
  1. Genetic variance explained according to (a) subcontinental origin based on separate analyses for wild, captive and combined provenances; (b) population provenance (wild vs. captive) based on separate analyses for each subcontinent, as well as all regions. Significant variance components are highlighted in bold. See also Table S7, Additional file 2