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Table 1 Molecular evolutionary rates

From: Dynamic genetic differentiation drives the widespread structural and functional convergent evolution of snake venom proteinaceous toxins

Clade ω FUBAR
(−)a
FUBAR
(+)b
MEMEc FUBAR and MEMEd
3FTx (See Fig. 2A for modelling)
Elapidae 1.17 5 13 15 10
Rear-fanged snakes with short N-terminal extension* 1.51 2 8 12 7
Rear-fanged snakes with long N-terminal extension* 1.37 2 14 22 14
Rear-fanged snakes without N-terminal extension 1.30 8 20 27 19
Viperidae 2.38 2 15 15 10
CRiSP (See Fig. 2B for modelling)
Elapidae-dominated clade 1.34 9 33 29 22
Viperidae clade 1.31 15 37 63 32
Rear-fanged snake dominated clade 1.25 36 35 52 32
Kallikrein (See Fig. 2C for modelling)
Non-viperids 0.70 26 11 11 6
Viperidae 1.01 73 73 100 67
Kunitz (See Fig. 9A for modelling)
Viperidae clade 0.96 1 8 8 4
Non-viperid clade 1.18 5 10 13 6
Neurotoxins
Dendrotoxins
2.10 0 6 7 3
Neurotoxins
Bungarotoxins
1.23 15 25 30 22
Plasmin inhibitors Daboia 0.80 1 0 2 0
Plasmin inhibitors Oxyuranus/ Pseudonaja 0.62 2 0 0 0
Lectin (See Fig. 9B for modelling)
Ancestral (monomeric) 0.72 44 14 31 14
Derived (dimeric)
Non-viperids excluding Helicops)
0.97 6 16 21 10
Derived (dimeric)
Helicops
1.16 0 6 7 3
Derived (dimeric)
Viperidae-alpha
1.40 23 54 60 49
Derived (dimeric)
Viperidae-beta
1.27 17 45 54 38
  1. aNumber of codons under negative selection according to FUBAR
  2. bNumber of codons under positive selection according to FUBAR
  3. cNumber of codons under episodic diversifying selection according to MEME
  4. dNumber of codons that fit criteria b and c
  5. *Propeptide region not included in rate of evolution calculations