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Table 7 Mitochondrial DNA HVS-I sequences included in this study.

From: African-American mitochondrial DNAs often match mtDNAs found in multiple African ethnic groups

Ethnic group Country Sample size Reference
West Africa
Multiple Senegal 50 Rando et al, 1998 [9]
Serer Senegal 23 Rando et al, 1998 [9]
Wolof Senegal 48 Rando et al, 1998 [9]
Mandenka Senegal 110 Graven et al, 1995 [10]; Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Multiple groups Guiné-Bissau 372 Rosa et al, 2004 [12]
Malinke Mali 61 Ely et al, unpublished
Bambara Mali 19 Ely et al, unpublished
Limba Sierra Leone 67 Jackson et al, 2005 [3]
Loko Sierra Leone 29 Jackson et al, 2005 [3]
Temne Sierra Leone 121 Jackson et al, 2005 [3]
Mende Sierra Leone 59 Jackson et al, 2005 [3]
Unknown group(s) Sierra Leone 117 Monson et al, 2002 [13]
Fulbe Nigeria, Niger 60 Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Hausa Nigeria, Niger 20 Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Kanuri Nigeria, Niger 14 Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Songhai Nigeria, Niger 10 Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Tuareg Nigeria, Niger 23 Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Yoruba Nigeria 33 Vigilant et al, 1991 [14]; Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Unknown group(s) Cabo Verde 292 Brehm et al, 2002 [15]
Total   1528  
West Central Africa
Kotoko Cameroon 18 Èerný et al, 2004 [16]
Hide Cameroon 23 Èerný et al, 2004 [16]
Masa Cameroon 31 Èerný et al, 2004 [16]
Mafa Cameroon 32 Èerný et al, 2004 [16]
Bakaka Cameroon 50 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Bamileke Cameroon 48 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Bassa Cameroon 46 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Daba Cameroon 20 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Ewondo Cameroon 53 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Fali Cameroon 41 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Fulbe Cameroon 34 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Mandara Cameroon 37 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Podokwo Cameroon 39 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Tali Cameroon 20 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Tupuri Cameroon 25 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Uldeme Cameroon 28 Coia et al, 2005 [17]
Biaka Central African Republic 17 Vigilant et al, 1991 [14]; Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Mbenzele-Pygmy Central African Republic 57 Destro-Bisol et al, 2004 [18]
Angolares São Tomé and Príncipe 30 Trovoada et al, 2004 [19]
Forros São Tomé and Príncipe 35 Trovoada et al, 2004 [19]
Tongas São Tomé and Príncipe 38 Trovoada et al, 2004 [19]
Unknown group(s) São Tomé and Príncipe 50 Mateu et al, 1997 [20]
Bubi Equatorial Guinea 45 Mateu et al, 1997 [20]
Fang Equatorial Guinea 11 Pinto et al, 1996 [21]
Mbuti Democratic Republic of Congo 13 Vigilant et al, 1991 [14]; Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Bantu-speaking Cabinda 110 Beleza et al, 2005 [4]
Mbundu Angola 44 Plaza et al, 2004 [22]
Total   995  
East Africa
Nuer South Sudan 11 Krings et al, 1999 [23]
Dinka South Sudan 47 Krings et al, 1999 [23]
Shilluk South Sudan 7 Krings et al, 1999 [23]
Multiple groups Ethiopia 21 Kivisild et al, 2004 [24]
Tigrais Ethiopia, Eritrea 53 Kivisild et al, 2004 [24]
Gurage Ethiopia 21 Kivisild et al, 2004 [24]
Afar Ethiopia 16 Kivisild et al, 2004 [24]
Amhara Ethiopia 120 Kivisild et al, 2004 [24]
Amhara Ethiopia 7 Quintana-Murci et al, 1999 [25]
Oromo Ethiopia 33 Kivisild et al, 2004 [24]
Oromo Kenya, Ethiopia 18 Quintana-Murci et al, 1999 [25]
Unknown group(s) Kenya 100 Brandstätter et al, 2004 [26]
Kikuyu Kenya 24 Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Turkana Kenya 37 Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Somali Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia 27 Watson et al, 1997 [11]
Hadza Tanzania 17 Vigilant et al, 1991 [14]
Hadza Tanzania 49 Knight et al, 2003 [27]
Dakota Tanzania 18 Knight et al, 2003 [27]
Iraqw Tanzania 12 Knight et al, 2003 [27]
Sukuma Tanzania 21 Knight et al, 2003 [27]
Total   659  
Southeast Africa
Multiple groups Mozambique 109 Pereira et al, 2001 [6]
Multiple groups Mozambique 307 Salas et al, 2002 [5]
Total   416  
South Africa
!Kung Botswana 34 Vigilant et al, 1991 [14]
!Kung South Africa 43 Chen et al, 2000 [28]
Khwe South Africa 31 Chen et al, 2000 [28]
Herero Bostwana, Namibia 19 Vigilant et al, 1991 [14]
Total   127