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  1. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal bacteria are known to regulate bile acid (BA) homeostasis via intestinal biotransformation of BAs and stimulation of the expression of fibroblast growth factor 19 through intestinal nuclear farnesoi...

    Authors: Xiaojiao Zheng, Fengjie Huang, Aihua Zhao, Sha Lei, Yunjing Zhang, Guoxiang Xie, Tianlu Chen, Chun Qu, Cynthia Rajani, Bing Dong, Defa Li and Wei Jia

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:120

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Telomere length heterogeneity has been detected in various cell types, including stem cells and cancer cells. Cell heterogeneity in pluripotent stem cells, such as embryonic stem cells (ESCs), is of particular...

    Authors: Hua Wang, Kunshan Zhang, Yifei Liu, Yudong Fu, Shan Gao, Peng Gong, Haiying Wang, Zhongcheng Zhou, Ming Zeng, Zhenfeng Wu, Yu Sun, Tong Chen, Siguang Li and Lin Liu

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:114

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Climate change causes the breakdown of the symbiotic relationships between reef-building corals and their photosynthetic symbionts (genus Symbiodinium), with thermal anomalies in 2015–2016 triggering the most wid...

    Authors: Stephanie G. Gardner, Jean-Baptiste Raina, Matthew R. Nitschke, Daniel A. Nielsen, Michael Stat, Cherie A. Motti, Peter J. Ralph and Katherina Petrou

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:117

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-alpha (PPARα) is a ubiquitously expressed nuclear receptor. The role of endogenous PPARα in retinal neuronal homeostasis is unknown. Retinal photoreceptors are the hi...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Pearsall, Rui Cheng, Kelu Zhou, Yusuke Takahashi, H. Greg Matlock, Shraddha S. Vadvalkar, Younghwa Shin, Thomas W. Fredrick, Marin L. Gantner, Steven Meng, Zhongjie Fu, Yan Gong, Michael Kinter, Kenneth M. Humphries, Luke I. Szweda, Lois E. H. Smith…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:113

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Smad4 is a critical effector of TGF-β signaling that regulates a variety of cellular functions. However, its role in the brain has rarely been studied. Here, we examined the molecular mechanisms underlying the...

    Authors: Wei L. Hsu, Yun L. Ma, Yen C. Liu and Eminy H. Y. Lee

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:112

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  6. Content type: Research article

    One of evolution’s most important achievements is the development and radiation of multicellular organisms with different types of cells. Complex multicellularity has evolved several times in eukaryotes; yet, ...

    Authors: Benjamin Klein, Daniel Wibberg and Armin Hallmann

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:111

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  7. Content type: Review

    The efficient production, folding, and secretion of proteins is critical for cancer cell survival. However, cancer cells thrive under stress conditions that damage proteins, so many cancer cells overexpress mo...

    Authors: Sara Sannino and Jeffrey L. Brodsky

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:109

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  8. Content type: Methodology article

    The de novo assembly of repeat-rich mammalian genomes using only high-throughput short read sequencing data typically results in highly fragmented genome assemblies that limit downstream applications. Here, we...

    Authors: Peter A. Larsen, R. Alan Harris, Yue Liu, Shwetha C. Murali, C. Ryan Campbell, Adam D. Brown, Beth A. Sullivan, Jennifer Shelton, Susan J. Brown, Muthuswamy Raveendran, Olga Dudchenko, Ido Machol, Neva C. Durand, Muhammad S. Shamim, Erez Lieberman Aiden, Donna M. Muzny…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:110

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  9. Content type: Methodology article

    Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) are fundamental to the growth and survival of cells and serve as excellent targets to develop inhibitors of biological processes such as host-pathogen interactions and cance...

    Authors: Jin Huei Wong, Mohammad Alfatah, Mei Fang Sin, Hong May Sim, Chandra S. Verma, David P. Lane and Prakash Arumugam

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:108

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Many proteins of the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) contain structural disulfide bonds formed by the mitochondrial disulfide relay. In fungi and animals, the sulfhydryl oxidase Erv1 ‘generates’ disulf...

    Authors: Valentina Peleh, Flavien Zannini, Sandra Backes, Nicolas Rouhier and Johannes M. Herrmann

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:106

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  11. Content type: Research article

    TRIM25 is a novel RNA-binding protein and a member of the Tripartite Motif (TRIM) family of E3 ubiquitin ligases, which plays a pivotal role in the innate immune response. However, there is scarce knowledge ab...

    Authors: Nila Roy Choudhury, Gregory Heikel, Maryia Trubitsyna, Peter Kubik, Jakub Stanislaw Nowak, Shaun Webb, Sander Granneman, Christos Spanos, Juri Rappsilber, Alfredo Castello and Gracjan Michlewski

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:105

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Neural activity in the vertebrate habenula is affected by ambient illumination. The nucleus that links photoreceptor activity with the habenula is not well characterized. Here, we describe the location, inputs...

    Authors: Ruey-Kuang Cheng, Seetha Krishnan, Qian Lin, Caroline Kibat and Suresh Jesuthasan

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:104

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  13. Content type: Methodology article

    Optical silencing of activity provides a way to test the necessity of neurons in behaviour. Two light-gated anion channels, GtACR1 and GtACR2, have recently been shown to potently inhibit activity in cultured ...

    Authors: Gadisti Aisha Mohamed, Ruey-Kuang Cheng, Joses Ho, Seetha Krishnan, Farhan Mohammad, Adam Claridge-Chang and Suresh Jesuthasan

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:103

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  14. Content type: Forum

    Discoveries spanning several decades have pointed to vital membrane lipid trafficking pathways involving both vesicular and non-vesicular carriers. But the relative contributions for distinct membrane delivery...

    Authors: Christopher J. Stefan, William S. Trimble, Sergio Grinstein, Guillaume Drin, Karin Reinisch, Pietro De Camilli, Sarah Cohen, Alex M. Valm, Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz, Tim P. Levine, David B. Iaea, Frederick R. Maxfield, Clare E. Futter, Emily R. Eden, Delphine Judith, Alexander R. van Vliet…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:102

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  15. Content type: Methodology article

    Internal tagging of proteins by inserting small functional peptides into surface accessible permissive sites has proven to be an indispensable tool for basic and applied science. Permissive sites are typically...

    Authors: Sabine Oesterle, Tania Michelle Roberts, Lukas Andreas Widmer, Harun Mustafa, Sven Panke and Sonja Billerbeck

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:100

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  16. Content type: Review

    Imaging as a means of scientific data storage has evolved rapidly over the past century from hand drawings, to photography, to digital images. Only recently can sufficiently large datasets be acquired, stored,...

    Authors: Josh L. Morgan and Jeff W. Lichtman

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:101

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  17. Content type: Review

    Population geneticists have long sought to understand the contribution of natural selection to molecular evolution. A variety of approaches have been proposed that use population genetics theory to quantify th...

    Authors: Tom R. Booker, Benjamin C. Jackson and Peter D. Keightley

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:98

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  18. Content type: Review

    The MultiBac baculovirus/insect cell expression vector system was conceived as a user-friendly, modular tool-kit for producing multiprotein complexes for structural biology applications. MultiBac has allowed t...

    Authors: Martin Pelosse, Hannah Crocker, Barbara Gorda, Paul Lemaire, Jens Rauch and Imre Berger

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:99

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  19. Content type: Research article

    In a macro-molecular complex, any minor change may prove detrimental. For a supra-molecular nano-machine like the bacterial flagellum, which consists of several distinct parts with specific characteristics, st...

    Authors: Clive S. Barker, Irina V. Meshcheryakova, Alla S. Kostyukova, Peter L. Freddolino and Fadel A. Samatey

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:97

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  20. Content type: Research article

    California is a world floristic biodiversity hotspot where the terms neo- and paleo-endemism were first applied. Using spatial phylogenetics, it is now possible to evaluate biodiversity from an evolutionary st...

    Authors: Andrew H. Thornhill, Bruce G. Baldwin, William A. Freyman, Sonia Nosratinia, Matthew M. Kling, Naia Morueta-Holme, Thomas P. Madsen, David D. Ackerly and Brent D. Mishler

    Citation: BMC Biology 2017 15:96

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