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Fig. 10 | BMC Biology

Fig. 10

From: The relative importance of kinetic mechanisms and variable enzyme abundances for the regulation of hepatic glucose metabolism – insights from mathematical modeling

Fig. 10

Stationary glucose exchange fluxes in dependence of plasma glucose and glycogen store. Plasma glucose was varied between 3 and 10 mM and filling state of glycogen storage was variably fixed to values between 0 and 100 %. The color encodes the steady state flux rates of glucose exchange of fasted (a), normal (b), fed (c), and diabetic hepatocytes (df). Green colors indicate small values of the glucose exchange flux around the set point where the net glucose exchange is zero (marked by bold black lines). Warm colors indicate net glucose uptake and cool colors indicate net glucose release. The legend is given on the right-hand axis in units of μmol/h/g tissue. Thin black isoclines connect equal exchange fluxes (in steps of 25 μmol/h/g tissue). Note that the set point values at 6.5 mM (fed), 7.5 mM (normal), and 9 mM (fasted) at half-filling of the glycogen store are identical with those in Fig. 6, where the glycogen contribution is zero due to the condition of stationarity. For the diabetic liver, the calculations were performed for three different scenarios: (d) no change of enzyme abundances compared with the normal state but impaired glucose-hormone relationship (see red curves of the GHT function in Fig. 2); (e) altered protein abundances (see Table 1 for scaling factors) but normal GHT function; and (f) combined effect of altered glucose-hormone relationship and protein abundances

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