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  1. Mesophotic coral communities are increasingly gaining attention for the unique biological diversity they host, exemplified by the numerous mesophotic fish species that continue to be discovered. In contrast, m...

    Authors: J. C. Gijsbers, N. Englebert, K. E. Prata, M. Pichon, Z. Dinesen, R. Brunner, G. Eyal, F. L. González-Zapata, S. E. Kahng, K. R. W. Latijnhouwers, P. Muir, V. Z. Radice, J. A. Sánchez, M. J. A. Vermeij, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, S. J. Jacobs…
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:147
  2. The mammalian retina contains an autonomous circadian clock that controls various aspects of retinal physiology and function, including dopamine (DA) release by amacrine cells. This neurotransmitter plays a cr...

    Authors: Chaimaa Kinane, Hugo Calligaro, Antonin Jandot, Christine Coutanson, Nasser Haddjeri, Mohamed Bennis and Ouria Dkhissi-Benyahya
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:146
  3. Transposable elements (TEs) can represent one of the major sources of genomic variation across eukaryotes, providing novel raw materials for species diversification and innovation. While considerable effort ha...

    Authors: Jacopo Martelossi, Filippo Nicolini, Simone Subacchi, Daniela Pasquale, Fabrizio Ghiselli and Andrea Luchetti
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:145
  4. How stem cell populations are organized and regulated within adult tissues is important for understanding cancer origins and for developing cell replacement strategies. Paradigms such as mammalian gut stem cel...

    Authors: Zhi Dong, Lan Pang, Zhiguo Liu, Yifeng Sheng, Xiaoping Li, Xavier Thibault, Amy Reilein, Daniel Kalderon and Jianhua Huang
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:143
  5. Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack, commonly called orange jessamine in the family Rutaceae, is an important ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical regions which is famous for its strong fragrance. Although genom...

    Authors: Tianyu Yang, Xin Yin, Haotong Kang, Danni Yang, Xingyu Yang, Yunqiang Yang and Yongping Yang
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:142
  6. The harlequin ladybird Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), native to Asia, has been introduced to other major continents where it has caused serious negative impacts on local biodiversity. Though notab...

    Authors: Hongran Li, Yan Peng, Yansong Wang, Bryce Summerhays, Xiaohan Shu, Yumary Vasquez, Hannah Vansant, Christy Grenier, Nicolette Gonzalez, Khyati Kansagra, Ryan Cartmill, Edison Ryoiti Sujii, Ling Meng, Xuguo Zhou, Gábor L. Lövei, John J. Obrycki…
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:141
  7. Insects rely on chemosensory perception, mainly olfaction, for the location of mates, food sources, and oviposition sites. Plant-released volatile compounds guide herbivorous insects to search for and locate t...

    Authors: Jiali Wang, Jiaqi Wei, Ting Yi, Ya-Ya Li, Tian Xu, Li Chen and Hanhong Xu
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:140
  8. Explaining the emergence of the hallmarks of bilaterians is a central focus of evolutionary developmental biology—evodevo—and evolutionary genomics. For this purpose, we must both expand and also refine our kn...

    Authors: Sébastien Santini, Quentin Schenkelaars, Cyril Jourda, Marc Duchesne, Hassiba Belahbib, Caroline Rocher, Marjorie Selva, Ana Riesgo, Michel Vervoort, Sally P. Leys, Laurent Kodjabachian, André Le Bivic, Carole Borchiellini, Jean-Michel Claverie and Emmanuelle Renard
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:139
  9. The influence of diet on immune function and resistance to enteric infection and disease is becoming ever more established. Highly processed, refined diets can lead to inflammation and gut microbiome dysbiosis...

    Authors: Angela H. Valente, Karen M. R. Jensen, Laura J. Myhill, Ling Zhu, Caroline M. J. Mentzel, Lukasz Krych, Henrik T. Simonsen, Josue L. Castro-Mejía, Alex Gobbi, Knud Erik Bach Knudsen, Dennis S. Nielsen, Stig M. Thamsborg and Andrew R. Williams
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:138
  10. The development of nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS) has revolutionized the study of biological tissues by enabling, e.g., the visualization and quantification of metabolic processes at subc...

    Authors: Anders Meibom, Florent Plane, Tian Cheng, Gilles Grandjean, Olivier Haldimann, Stephane Escrig, Louise Jensen, Jean Daraspe, Antonio Mucciolo, Damien De Bellis, Nils Rädecker, Cristina Martin-Olmos, Christel Genoud and Arnaud Comment
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:126
  11. Intracellular symbionts often undergo genome reduction, losing both coding and non-coding DNA in a process that ultimately produces small, gene-dense genomes with few genes. Among eukaryotes, an extreme exampl...

    Authors: Vojtečh Žárský, Anna Karnkowska, Vittorio Boscaro, Morelia Trznadel, Thomas A. Whelan, Markus Hiltunen-Thorén, Ioana Onut-Brännström, Cathryn L. Abbott, Naomi M. Fast, Fabien Burki and Patrick J. Keeling
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:137
  12. Snake venoms are trophic adaptations that represent an ideal model to examine the evolutionary factors that shape polymorphic traits under strong natural selection. Venom compositional variation is substantial...

    Authors: Cara F. Smith, Zachary L. Nikolakis, Kathleen Ivey, Blair W. Perry, Drew R. Schield, Neil R. Balchan, Joshua Parker, Kirk C. Hansen, Anthony J. Saviola, Todd A. Castoe and Stephen P. Mackessy
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:136
  13. Based on their anatomical location, rostral projections of nuclei are classified as ascending circuits, while caudal projections are classified as descending circuits. Upper brainstem neurons participate in co...

    Authors: Peilin Zhao, Tao Jiang, Huading Wang, Xueyan Jia, Anan Li, Hui Gong and Xiangning Li
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:135
  14. Sapria himalayana (Rafflesiaceae) is an endoparasitic plant characterized by a greatly reduced vegetative body and giant flowers; however, the mechanisms underlying its special lifestyle and greatly altered plant...

    Authors: Xuelian Guo, Xiaodi Hu, Jianwu Li, Bingyi Shao, Yajun Wang, Long Wang, Kui Li, Dongliang Lin, Hanchen Wang, Zhiyuan Gao, Yuannian Jiao, Yingying Wen, Hongyu Ji, Chongbo Ma, Song Ge, Wenkai Jiang…
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:134
  15. With the urgent need to reduce carbon emissions, and the dwindling reserves of easily exploitable fossil fuel, microalgae-based biofuels that can be used for transport systems and CO2 abatement have attracted gre...

    Authors: Baoyan Gao, Meng Xu, Dai Shan, Chi Zhang, Yulan Yang, Zhensheng Dong, Hu Zhang, Boping Han, Luodong Huang and Chengwu Zhang
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:133
  16. Non-invasive recordings of gross neural activity in humans often show responses to omitted stimuli in steady trains of identical stimuli. This has been taken as evidence for the neural coding of prediction or ...

    Authors: Ryszard Auksztulewicz, Vani Gurusamy Rajendran, Fei Peng, Jan Wilbert Hendrik Schnupp and Nicol Spencer Harper
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:130
  17. Common seadragons (Phyllopteryx taeniolatus, Syngnathidae) are an emblem of the diverse endemic fauna of Australia’s southern rocky reefs, the newly recognized “Great Southern Reef.” A lack of assessments spannin...

    Authors: Josefin Stiller, Nerida G. Wilson and Greg W. Rouse
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:129
  18. Circular RNA (circRNA) molecules, generated through non-canonical back-splicing of exon-exon junctions, have recently been implicated in diverse biological functions including transcriptional regulation and mo...

    Authors: Michelle E. Watts, Marika Oksanen, Sanna Lejerkrans, Francesca Mastropasqua, Myriam Gorospe and Kristiina Tammimies
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:127
  19. Information on common markers of metabolic resistance in malaria vectors from countries sharing similar eco-climatic characteristics can facilitate coordination of malaria control. Here, we characterized popul...

    Authors: Sulaiman S. Ibrahim, Abdullahi Muhammad, Jack Hearn, Gareth D. Weedall, Sanjay C. Nagi, Muhammad M. Mukhtar, Amen N. Fadel, Leon J. Mugenzi, Edward I. Patterson, Helen Irving and Charles S. Wondji
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:125
  20. The axonemal microtubules of primary cilium undergo a conserved protein posttranslational modification (PTM) — polyglutamylation. This reversible procedure is processed by tubulin tyrosine ligase-like polyglut...

    Authors: Yujuan Wang, Yuan Zhang, Xinyu Guo, Yiqiang Zheng, Xinjie Zhang, Shanshan Feng and Hui-Yuan Wu
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:124
  21. Changes in gene expression levels during brain development are thought to have played an important role in the evolution of human cognition. With the advent of high-throughput sequencing technologies, changes ...

    Authors: Weifen Sun, Gangcai Xie, Xi Jiang, Philipp Khaitovich, Dingding Han and Xiling Liu
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:123
  22. The factors that maintain phenotypic and genetic variation within a population have received long-term attention in evolutionary biology. Here the genetic basis and evolution of the geographically widespread v...

    Authors: Guilian Huang, Wei Wu, Yongmei Chen, Xueke Zhi, Peishan Zou, Zulin Ning, Qiang Fan, Ying Liu, Shulin Deng, Kai Zeng and Renchao Zhou
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:122
  23. The ShK toxin from Stichodactyla helianthus has established the therapeutic potential of sea anemone venom peptides, but many lineage-specific toxin families in Actiniarians remain uncharacterised. One such pepti...

    Authors: Lauren M. Ashwood, Khaled A. Elnahriry, Zachary K. Stewart, Thomas Shafee, Muhammad Umair Naseem, Tibor G. Szanto, Chloé A. van der Burg, Hayden L. Smith, Joachim M. Surm, Eivind A. B. Undheim, Bruno Madio, Brett R. Hamilton, Shaodong Guo, Dorothy C. C. Wai, Victoria L. Coyne, Matthew J. Phillips…
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:121
  24. The regulation of glycolysis and autophagy during feeding and metamorphosis in holometabolous insects is a complex process that is not yet fully understood. Insulin regulates glycolysis during the larval feedi...

    Authors: Xin-Le Kang, Yan-Xue Li, Du-Juan Dong, Jin-Xing Wang and Xiao-Fan Zhao
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:119
  25. Pseudozyma flocculosa is a highly efficient biocontrol agent (BCA) of powdery mildews whose mode of action remains elusive. It is known to secrete unique effectors during its interaction with powdery mildews but ...

    Authors: Parthasarathy Santhanam, Mst Hur Madina, Fernanda Matias Albuini, Caroline Labbé, Luciano Gomes Fietto and Richard R. Bélanger
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:118
  26. A fraction of all genomes is composed of transposable elements (TEs) whose mobility needs to be carefully controlled. In gonads, TE activity is repressed by PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), a class of small RNA...

    Authors: Amna Asif-Laidin, Karine Casier, Zoheir Ziriat, Antoine Boivin, Elise Viodé, Valérie Delmarre, Stéphane Ronsseray, Clément Carré and Laure Teysset
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:117
  27. Post mortem human brain tissue is an essential resource to study cell types, connectivity as well as subcellular structures down to the molecular setup of the central nervous system especially with respect to the...

    Authors: Sarah Woelfle, Dhruva Deshpande, Simone Feldengut, Heiko Braak, Kelly Del Tredici, Francesco Roselli, Karl Deisseroth, Jens Michaelis, Tobias M. Boeckers and Michael Schön
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:113
  28. Canadian policymakers are interested in determining whether farmed Atlantic salmon, frequently infected with Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV), may threaten wild salmon populations in the Pacific Northwest. A relevant ...

    Authors: Shinichi Nakagawa and Malgorzata Lagisz
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:116

    The original article was published in BMC Biology 2021 19:138

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Biology 2023 21:114

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Biology 2023 21:115

  29. Authors: Mark P. Polinski, Yangfan Zhang, Phillip R. Morrison, Gary D. Marty, Colin J. Brauner, Anthony P. Farrell and Kyle A. Garver
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:115

    The original article was published in BMC Biology 2021 19:138

    The Commentary to this article has been published in BMC Biology 2023 21:116

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Biology 2023 21:114

  30. This paper is a response to Polinski, M. P. et al. Innate antiviral defense demonstrates high energetic efficiency in a bony fish. BMC Biology 19, 138 (2021).

    Authors: Gideon Mordecai, Arthur L. Bass, Rick Routledge, Emiliano Di Cicco, Amy Teffer, Christoph Deeg, Andrew W. Bateman and Kristina M. Miller
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:114

    The Commentary to this article has been published in BMC Biology 2023 21:116

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Biology 2023 21:115

    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Biology 2021 19:138

  31. Mitochondria have a central role in cellular functions, aging, and in certain diseases. They possess their own genome, a vestige of their bacterial ancestor. Over the course of evolution, most of the genes of ...

    Authors: Laura Kienzle, Stefano Bettinazzi, Thierry Choquette, Marie Brunet, Hajar Hosseini Khorami, Jean-François Jacques, Mathilde Moreau, Xavier Roucou, Christian R. Landry, Annie Angers and Sophie Breton
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:111
  32. DNA-protein cross-links (DPCs) are one of the most deleterious DNA lesions, originating from various sources, including enzymatic activity. For instance, topoisomerases, which play a fundamental role in DNA me...

    Authors: Victoria Marini, Fedor Nikulenkov, Pounami Samadder, Sissel Juul, Birgitta R. Knudsen and Lumir Krejci
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:110
  33. The Western mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis, is a model for sex chromosome organization and evolution of female heterogamety. We previously identified a G. affinis female-specific marker, orthologous to the aminom...

    Authors: Stefan Müller, Kang Du, Yann Guiguen, Maria Pichler, Shinichi Nakagawa, Matthias Stöck, Manfred Schartl and Dunja K. Lamatsch
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:109
  34. Finding the optimal balance between survival and reproduction is a central puzzle in life-history theory. The terminal investment hypothesis predicts that when individuals encounter a survival threat that comp...

    Authors: Yong Zhi Foo, Malgorzata Lagisz, Rose E. O’Dea and Shinichi Nakagawa
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:107
  35. Anthocyanins, a class of specialized metabolites that are ubiquitous among plant species, have attracted a great deal of attention from plant biologists due to their chemical diversity. They confer purple, pin...

    Authors: Muhammad Ali Abid, Qi Zhou, Mubashir Abbas, Haiyan He, Zhigang Meng, Yuan Wang, Yunxiao Wei, Sandui Guo, Rui Zhang and Chengzhen Liang
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:106
  36. Hybrids are chimeric organisms with highly plastic heterozygous genomes that may confer unique traits enabling the adaptation to new environments. However, most evolutionary theory frameworks predict that the ...

    Authors: Verónica Mixão, Juan Carlos Nunez-Rodriguez, Valentina del Olmo, Ewa Ksiezopolska, Ester Saus, Teun Boekhout, Attila Gacser and Toni Gabaldón
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:105
  37. Gene duplication events are critical for the evolution of new gene functions. Aristaless is a major regulator of distinct developmental processes. It is most known for its role during appendage development acr...

    Authors: Erick X. Bayala, Isabella Cisneros, Darli Massardo, Nicholas W. VanKuren and Marcus R. Kronforst
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:104
  38. Aging in postmitotic tissues is associated with clonal expansion of somatic mitochondrial deletions, the origin of which is not well understood. Such deletions are often flanked by direct nucleotide repeats, b...

    Authors: Victor Shamanskiy, Alina A. Mikhailova, Evgenii O. Tretiakov, Kristina Ushakova, Alina G. Mikhailova, Sergei Oreshkov, Dmitry A. Knorre, Natalia Ree, Jonathan B. Overdevest, Samuel W. Lukowski, Irina Gostimskaya, Valerian Yurov, Chia-Wei Liou, Tsu-Kung Lin, Wolfram S. Kunz, Alexandre Reymond…
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:103
  39. Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is an evolutionary mechanism of adaptive importance, which has been deeply studied in wine S. cerevisiae strains, where those acquired genes conferred improved traits related to bot...

    Authors: Sebastián M. Tapia, Laura G. Macías, Roberto Pérez-Torrado, Noemi Daroqui, Paloma Manzanares, Amparo Querol and Eladio Barrio
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:102
  40. Through the evolution of novel wing structures, bats (Order Chiroptera) became the only mammalian group to achieve powered flight. This achievement preceded the massive adaptive radiation of bats into diverse ...

    Authors: Neal Anthwal, Daniel J. Urban, Alexa Sadier, Risa Takenaka, Simon Spiro, Nancy Simmons, Richard R. Behringer, Chris J. Cretekos, John J. Rasweiler IV and Karen E. Sears
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:101
  41. Highly diverse butterfly wing patterns have emerged as a powerful system for understanding the genetic basis of phenotypic variation. While the genetic basis of this pattern variation is being clarified, the p...

    Authors: Erick X. Bayala, Nicholas VanKuren, Darli Massardo and Marcus R. Kronforst
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:100
  42. Diplonemid flagellates are among the most abundant and species-rich of known marine microeukaryotes, colonizing all habitats, depths, and geographic regions of the world ocean. However, little is known about t...

    Authors: Matus Valach, Sandrine Moreira, Celine Petitjean, Corinna Benz, Anzhelika Butenko, Olga Flegontova, Anna Nenarokova, Galina Prokopchuk, Tom Batstone, Pascal Lapébie, Lionnel Lemogo, Matt Sarrasin, Paul Stretenowich, Pragya Tripathi, Euki Yazaki, Takeshi Nara…
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:99
  43. Tumors are complex tissues containing collections of phenotypically diverse malignant and nonmalignant cells. We know little of the mechanisms that govern heterogeneity of tumor cells nor of the role heterogen...

    Authors: Sanjana Rajan, Emily M. Franz, Camille A. McAloney, Tatyana A. Vetter, Maren Cam, Amy C. Gross, Cenny Taslim, Meng Wang, Matthew V. Cannon, Alexander Oles and Ryan D. Roberts
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:98
  44. Aedes aegypti, the main arboviral mosquito vector, is attracted to human dwellings and makes use of human-generated breeding sites. Past research has shown that bacterial communities associated with such sites un...

    Authors: Katherine D. Mosquera, Luis Eduardo Martínez Villegas, Gabriel Rocha Fernandes, Mariana Rocha David, Rafael Maciel-de-Freitas, Luciano A. Moreira and Marcelo G. Lorenzo
    Citation: BMC Biology 2023 21:97
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