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  1. It has become increasingly accepted that establishing and maintaining a complex and diverse gut microbiota is fundamental to human health. There are growing efforts to identify means of modulating and influenc...

    Authors: Lorraine A. Draper, Feargal J. Ryan, Marion Dalmasso, Pat G. Casey, Angela McCann, Vimalkumar Velayudhan, R. Paul Ross and Colin Hill

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:173

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Wheat is a powerful genetic model for studying polyploid evolution and crop domestication. Hexaploid bread wheat was formed by two rounds of interspecific hybridization and polyploidization, processes which ar...

    Authors: Jingya Yuan, Wu Jiao, Yanfeng Liu, Wenxue Ye, Xiue Wang, Bao Liu, Qingxin Song and Z. Jeffrey Chen

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:171

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Despite the widespread occurrence of axon and synaptic loss in the injured and diseased nervous system, the cellular and molecular mechanisms of these key degenerative processes remain incompletely understood....

    Authors: Alison Jane Canty, Johanna Sara Jackson, Lieven Huang, Antonio Trabalza, Cher Bass, Graham Little, Maria Tortora, Shabana Khan and Vincenzo De Paola

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:170

    Content type: Research article

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  4. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Dorith Rotenberg, Aaron A. Baumann, Sulley Ben-Mahmoud, Olivier Christiaens, Wannes Dermauw, Panagiotis Ioannidis, Chris G. C. Jacobs, Iris M. Vargas Jentzsch, Jonathan E. Oliver, Monica F. Poelchau, Swapna Priya Rajarapu, Derek J. Schneweis, Simon Snoeck, Clauvis N. T. Taning, Dong Wei, Shirani M. K. Widana Gamage…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:169

    Content type: Author Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Biology 2020 18:142

  5. A wide variety of photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic species sense and respond to light, having developed protective mechanisms to adapt to damaging effects on DNA and proteins. While the biology of UV ligh...

    Authors: Mikael Molin, Katarina Logg, Kristofer Bodvard, Ken Peeters, Annabelle Forsmark, Friederike Roger, Anna Jörhov, Neha Mishra, Jean-Marc Billod, Sabiha Amir, Mikael Andersson, Leif A. Eriksson, Jonas Warringer, Mikael Käll and Anders Blomberg

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:168

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Structural variants comprise diverse genomic arrangements including deletions, insertions, inversions, and translocations, which can generally be detected in humans through sequence comparison to the reference...

    Authors: Young-gun Lee, Jin-young Lee, Junhyong Kim and Young-Joon Kim

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:167

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sensory systems acquire both external and internal information to guide behavior. Adjustments based on external input are much better documented and understood than internal-based sensory adaptations. When ext...

    Authors: Arjan Boonman, Itai Rieger, Eran Amichai, Stefan Greif, Ofri Eitan, Aya Goldshtein and Yossi Yovel

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:166

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Chromosome-level assemblies are indispensable for accurate gene prediction, synteny assessment, and understanding higher-order genome architecture. Reference and draft genomes of key helminth species have been...

    Authors: Peter D. Olson, Alan Tracey, Andrew Baillie, Katherine James, Stephen R. Doyle, Sarah K. Buddenborg, Faye H. Rodgers, Nancy Holroyd and Matt Berriman

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:165

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Cognitive dysfunction (CD) is common among patients with the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Anti-ribosomal P autoantibodies associate with this dysfunction and have neuropathogenic effe...

    Authors: Sofía Espinoza, Sebastián B. Arredondo, Francisca Barake, Francisco Carvajal, Fernanda G. Guerrero, Fabian Segovia-Miranda, David M. Valenzuela, Ursula Wyneken, Alejandro Rojas-Fernández, Waldo Cerpa, Loreto Massardo, Lorena Varela-Nallar and Alfonso González

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:164

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Numerous case studies have reported spontaneous regression of recognized metastases following primary tumor excision, but underlying mechanisms are elusive. Here, we present a model of regression and latency o...

    Authors: Lee Shaashua, Anabel Eckerling, Boaz Israeli, Gali Yanovich, Ella Rosenne, Suzana Fichman-Horn, Ido Ben Zvi, Liat Sorski, Rita Haldar, Ronit Satchi-Fainaro, Tamar Geiger, Erica K. Sloan and Shamgar Ben-Eliyahu

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:163

    Content type: Research article

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    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in BMC Biology 2020 18:198

  11. Transposable elements (TEs) are an almost universal constituent of eukaryotic genomes. In animals, Piwi-interacting small RNAs (piRNAs) and repressive chromatin often play crucial roles in preventing TE transc...

    Authors: Ulfar Bergthorsson, Caroline J. Sheeba, Anke Konrad, Tony Belicard, Toni Beltran, Vaishali Katju and Peter Sarkies

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:162

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The Wolbachia incompatible insect technique (IIT) shows promise as a method for eliminating populations of invasive mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Culicidae) and reducing the incidence of v...

    Authors: D. E. Pagendam, B. J. Trewin, N. Snoad, S. A. Ritchie, A. A. Hoffmann, K. M. Staunton, C. Paton and N. Beebe

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:161

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Circadian rhythms across mammalian tissues are coordinated by a master clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) that is principally entrained by light-dark cycles. Prior investigations have shown, however, t...

    Authors: Xiaobin Xie, Ayaka Kukino, Haley E. Calcagno, Alec M. Berman, Joseph P. Garner and Matthew P. Butler

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:160

    Content type: Research article

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  14. DNA and RNA of all cellular life forms and many viruses contain an expansive repertoire of modified bases. The modified bases play diverse biological roles that include both regulation of transcription and tra...

    Authors: Ryan T. Bell, Yuri I. Wolf and Eugene V. Koonin

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:159

    Content type: Research article

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  15. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Long Yang, Wenwen Gu, King-Ho Cheung, Lan Yan, Benjamin Chun-Kit Tong, Yuanying Jiang and Jun Yang

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:158

    Content type: Author Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Biology 2018 16:46

  16. Insect pest control programs often use periods of insecticide treatment with intermittent breaks, to prevent fixing of mutations conferring insecticide resistance. Such mutations are typically costly in an ins...

    Authors: Anna Maria Langmüller, Viola Nolte, Ruwansha Galagedara, Rodolphe Poupardin, Marlies Dolezal and Christian Schlötterer

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:157

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The uptake of newly synthesized nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins from the cytosol is mediated by a complex of mitochondrial outer membrane proteins comprising a central pore-forming component and associa...

    Authors: Sebastian Kreimendahl, Jan Schwichtenberg, Kathrin Günnewig, Lukas Brandherm and Joachim Rassow

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:156

    Content type: Research article

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  18. CREB-dependent transcription necessary for long-term memory is driven by interactions with CREB-binding protein (CBP), a multi-domain protein that binds numerous transcription factors potentially affecting exp...

    Authors: Snehajyoti Chatterjee, Christopher C. Angelakos, Ethan Bahl, Joshua D. Hawk, Marie E. Gaine, Shane G. Poplawski, Anne Schneider-Anthony, Manish Yadav, Giulia S. Porcari, Jean-Christophe Cassel, K. Peter Giese, Jacob J. Michaelson, Lisa C. Lyons, Anne-Laurence Boutillier and Ted Abel

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:155

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Aberrations in Capicua (CIC) have recently been implicated as a negative prognostic factor in a multitude of cancer types through the derepression of targets downstream of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MA...

    Authors: Derek Wong, Lisa Sogerer, Samantha S. Lee, Victor Wong, Amy Lum, Adrian B. Levine, Marco A. Marra and Stephen Yip

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:154

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The global spread of SARS-CoV-2 has shaken our health care and economic systems, prompting re-evaluation of long-held views on how best to deliver care. This is especially the case for our global diagnostic st...

    Authors: Quinn Matthews, Severino Jefferson Ribeiro da Silva, Masoud Norouzi, Lindomar José Pena and Keith Pardee

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:153

    Content type: Comment

    Published on:

  21. DNA polymerase D (PolD) is the representative member of the D family of DNA polymerases. It is an archaea-specific DNA polymerase required for replication and unrelated to other known DNA polymerases. PolD con...

    Authors: Kouta Mayanagi, Keisuke Oki, Naoyuki Miyazaki, Sonoko Ishino, Takeshi Yamagami, Kosuke Morikawa, Kenji Iwasaki, Daisuke Kohda, Tsuyoshi Shirai and Yoshizumi Ishino

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:152

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Wnt signaling is a critical determinant for the maintenance and differentiation of stem/progenitor cells, including trophoblast stem cells during placental development. Hyperactivation of Wnt signaling has bee...

    Authors: Haili Bao, Dong Liu, Yingchun Xu, Yang Sun, Change Mu, Yongqin Yu, Chunping Wang, Qian Han, Sanmei Liu, Han Cai, Fan Liu, Shuangbo Kong, Wenbo Deng, Bin Cao, Haibin Wang, Qiang Wang…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:151

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Olive tree (Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea, Oleaceae) has been the most emblematic perennial crop for Mediterranean countries since its domestication around 6000 years ago in the Levant. Two taxonomic varieties...

    Authors: Irene Julca, Marina Marcet-Houben, Fernando Cruz, Jèssica Gómez-Garrido, Brandon S. Gaut, Concepción M. Díez, Ivo G. Gut, Tyler S. Alioto, Pablo Vargas and Toni Gabaldón

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:148

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. The accumulation of mtDNA mutations in different tissues from various mouse models has been widely studied especially in the context of mtDNA mutation-driven ageing but has been confounded by the inherent limi...

    Authors: Emilie Kristine Bagge, Noriko Fujimori-Tonou, Mie Kubota-Sakashita, Takaoki Kasahara and Tadafumi Kato

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:150

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The classical functions of the skeleton encompass locomotion, protection and mineral homeostasis. However, cell-specific gene deletions in the mouse and human genetic studies have identified the skeleton as a ...

    Authors: Karla J. Suchacki, Nicholas M. Morton, Calvin Vary, Carmen Huesa, Manisha C. Yadav, Benjamin J. Thomas, Sophie Turban, Lutz Bunger, Derek Ball, Martin E. Barrios-Llerena, Anyonya R. Guntur, Zohreh Khavandgar, William P. Cawthorn, Mathieu Ferron, Gérard Karsenty, Monzur Murshed…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:149

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. How, and the extent to which, evolution acts on DNA and protein sequences to ensure mutational robustness and evolvability is a long-standing open question in the field of molecular evolution. We addressed thi...

    Authors: Martin Schwersensky, Marianne Rooman and Fabrizio Pucci

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:146

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Skeletal muscle (SkM) regenerates following injury, replacing damaged tissue with high fidelity. However, in serious injuries, non-regenerative defects leave patients with loss of function, increased re-injury...

    Authors: J. W. Fleming, A. J. Capel, R. P. Rimington, P. Wheeler, A. N. Leonard, N. C. Bishop, O. G. Davies and M. P. Lewis

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:145

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by both motor and non-motor symptoms. Gastrointestinal tract dysfunction is one of the non-motor features, where constipation ...

    Authors: Sebastiaan P. van Kessel, Hiltje R. de Jong, Simon L. Winkel, Sander S. van Leeuwen, Sieger A. Nelemans, Hjalmar Permentier, Ali Keshavarzian and Sahar El Aidy

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:137

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Neuroanatomical compartments of the mouse brain are identified and outlined mainly based on manual annotations of samples using features related to tissue and cellular morphology, taking advantage of publicly ...

    Authors: Gabriele Partel, Markus M. Hilscher, Giorgia Milli, Leslie Solorzano, Anna H. Klemm, Mats Nilsson and Carolina Wählby

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:144

    Content type: Methodology article

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  30. The western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), is a globally invasive pest and plant virus vector on a wide array of food, fiber, and ornamental crops. The underlying genetic mechanisms of the ...

    Authors: Dorith Rotenberg, Aaron A. Baumann, Sulley Ben-Mahmoud, Olivier Christiaens, Wannes Dermauw, Panagiotis Ioannidis, Chris G. C. Jacobs, Iris M. Vargas Jentzsch, Jonathan E. Oliver, Monica F. Poelchau, Swapna Priya Rajarapu, Derek J. Schneweis, Simon Snoeck, Clauvis N. T. Taning, Dong Wei, Shirani M. K. Widana Gamage…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:142

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Author Correction to this article has been published in BMC Biology 2020 18:169

  31. ADP-ribosylation is a ubiquitous post-translational modification that involves both mono- and poly-ADP-ribosylation. ARTD10, also known as PARP10, mediates mono-ADP-ribosylation (MARylation) of substrate prote...

    Authors: Yuemin Tian, Patricia Korn, Priyanka Tripathi, Daniel Komnig, Dominik Wiemuth, Azadeh Nikouee, Arno Classen, Carsten Bolm, Björn H. Falkenburger, Bernhard Lüscher and Stefan Gründer

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:143

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) substantially contributes to the burden of diarrheal illnesses in developing countries. With the use of complementary in vitro models of the human digestive environment, TN...

    Authors: Charlène Roussel, Kim De Paepe, Wessam Galia, Jana De Bodt, Sandrine Chalancon, Françoise Leriche, Nathalie Ballet, Sylvain Denis, Monique Alric, Tom Van de Wiele and Stéphanie Blanquet-Diot

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:141

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Some dinoflagellates cause harmful algal blooms, releasing toxic secondary metabolites, to the detriment of marine ecosystems and human health. Our understanding of dinoflagellate toxin biosynthesis has been h...

    Authors: Girish Beedessee, Takaaki Kubota, Asuka Arimoto, Koki Nishitsuji, Ross F. Waller, Kanako Hisata, Shinichi Yamasaki, Noriyuki Satoh, Jun’ichi Kobayashi and Eiichi Shoguchi

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:139

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Growing evidence shows that scientific collaboration plays a crucial role in transformative innovation in the life sciences. For example, contemporary drug discovery and development reflects the work of teams ...

    Authors: Feixiong Cheng, Yifang Ma, Brian Uzzi and Joseph Loscalzo

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:138

    Content type: Research article

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  35. African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a most devastating pathogen affecting swine. In 2007, ASFV was introduced into Eastern Europe where it continuously circulates and recently reached Western Europe and Asia, ...

    Authors: Jan H. Forth, Leonie F. Forth, Samantha Lycett, Lesley Bell-Sakyi, Günther M. Keil, Sandra Blome, Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer, Antje Wissgott, Johannes Krause, Dirk Höper, Helge Kampen and Martin Beer

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:136

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Life-history theory predicts a trade-off between investment into immune defence and other fitness-related traits. Accordingly, individuals are expected to upregulate their immune response when subjected to imm...

    Authors: M. Nystrand and D. K. Dowling

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:135

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Daily variations in mammalian physiology are under control of a central clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). SCN timing signals are essential for coordinating cellular clocks and associated circadian va...

    Authors: Court Harding, David A. Bechtold and Timothy M. Brown

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:134

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In order for aging to evolve in response to a declining strength of selection with age, a genetic architecture that allows for mutations with age-specific effects on organismal performance is required. Our und...

    Authors: Martin I. Brengdahl, Christopher M. Kimber, Phoebe Elias, Josephine Thompson and Urban Friberg

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:128

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Resistance to front-line antimalarials (artemisinin combination therapies) is spreading, and development of new drug treatment strategies to rapidly kill Plasmodium spp. malaria parasites is urgently needed. Azit...

    Authors: Amy L. Burns, Brad E. Sleebs, Ghizal Siddiqui, Amanda E. De Paoli, Dovile Anderson, Benjamin Liffner, Richard Harvey, James G. Beeson, Darren J. Creek, Christopher D. Goodman, Geoffrey I. McFadden and Danny W. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:133

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The introduction of novel CTCF binding sites in gene regulatory regions in the rodent lineage is partly the effect of transposable element expansion, particularly in the murine lineage. The exact mechanism and...

    Authors: Dhoyazan Azazi, Jonathan M. Mudge, Duncan T. Odom and Paul Flicek

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:132

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Many favorable traits of crops and livestock and human genetic diseases arise from multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms or multiple point mutations with heterogeneous base substitutions at the same locus. ...

    Authors: Jingke Xie, Xingyun Huang, Xia Wang, Shixue Gou, Yanhui Liang, Fangbing Chen, Nan Li, Zhen Ouyang, Quanjun Zhang, Weikai Ge, Qin Jin, Hui Shi, Zhenpeng Zhuang, Xiaozhu Zhao, Meng Lian, Jiaowei Wang…

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:131

    Content type: Methodology article

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  42. Access to quantitative information is crucial to obtain a deeper understanding of biological systems. In addition to being low-throughput, traditional image-based analysis is mostly limited to error-prone qual...

    Authors: Sahand Saberi-Bosari, Kevin B. Flores and Adriana San-Miguel

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:130

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The evolution of embryological development has long been characterized by deep conservation. In animal development, the phylotypic stage in mid-embryogenesis is more conserved than either early or late stages ...

    Authors: Jialin Liu, Michael Frochaux, Vincent Gardeux, Bart Deplancke and Marc Robinson-Rechavi

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:129

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Understanding the genetic modifiers of neurodegenerative diseases can provide insight into the mechanisms underlying these disorders. Here, we examine the relationship between the motor neuron disease spinal m...

    Authors: Melissa B. Walsh, Eva Janzen, Emily Wingrove, Seyyedmohsen Hosseinibarkooie, Natalia Rodriguez Muela, Lance Davidow, Maria Dimitriadi, Erika M. Norabuena, Lee L. Rubin, Brunhilde Wirth and Anne C. Hart

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:127

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Plastid electron transport systems are essential not only for photosynthesis but also for dissipating excess reducing power and sinking excess electrons generated by various redox reactions. Although numerous ...

    Authors: Motoki Kayama, Jun-Feng Chen, Takashi Nakada, Yoshiki Nishimura, Toshiharu Shikanai, Tomonori Azuma, Hideaki Miyashita, Shinichi Takaichi, Yuichiro Kashiyama and Ryoma Kamikawa

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:126

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Loss or disrupted expression of the FMR1 gene causes fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common monogenetic form of autism in humans. Although disruptions in sensory processing are core traits of FXS and autism, t...

    Authors: Lena Constantin, Rebecca E. Poulsen, Leandro A. Scholz, Itia A. Favre-Bulle, Michael A. Taylor, Biao Sun, Geoffrey J. Goodhill, Gilles C. Vanwalleghem and Ethan K. Scott

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:125

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. The increasing age of global populations highlights the urgent need to understand the biological underpinnings of ageing. To this end, inhibition of the insulin/insulin-like signalling (IIS) pathway can extend...

    Authors: Nathaniel S. Woodling, Arjunan Rajasingam, Lucy J. Minkley, Alberto Rizzo and Linda Partridge

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:124

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. In a changing environment, a challenge for the brain is to flexibly guide adaptive behavior towards survival. Complex behavior and the underlying neural computations emerge from the structural components of th...

    Authors: Jiaqi Luo, Jessica M. Tan and Jess Nithianantharajah

    Citation: BMC Biology 2020 18:118

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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