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  1. Fast responses can provide a competitive advantage when resources are inhomogeneously distributed. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans was shown to modulate locomotion on a lawn of bacterial food in serotonin (5-...

    Authors: Shachar Iwanir, Adam S. Brown, Stanislav Nagy, Dana Najjar, Alexander Kazakov, Kyung Suk Lee, Alon Zaslaver, Erel Levine and David Biron
    Citation: BMC Biology 2016 14:9
  2. Most mammalian genes display alternative cleavage and polyadenylation (APA). Previous studies have indicated preferential expression of APA isoforms with short 3’ untranslated regions (3’UTRs) in testes.

    Authors: Wencheng Li, Ji Yeon Park, Dinghai Zheng, Mainul Hoque, Ghassan Yehia and Bin Tian
    Citation: BMC Biology 2016 14:6
  3. Tankyrases are poly(adenosine diphosphate)-ribose polymerases that contribute to biological processes as diverse as modulation of Wnt signaling, telomere maintenance, vesicle trafficking, and microtubule-depen...

    Authors: Barbara Lupo, Jorge Vialard, Francesco Sassi, Patrick Angibaud, Alberto Puliafito, Emanuela Pupo, Letizia Lanzetti, Paolo M. Comoglio, Andrea Bertotti and Livio Trusolino
    Citation: BMC Biology 2016 14:5
  4. Male crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) establish dominance hierarchies within a population by fighting with one another. Larger males win fights more frequently than their smaller counterparts, and a previous study ...

    Authors: Emma Saxon
    Citation: BMC Biology 2016 14:4
  5. Dietary intake of specific non-digestible carbohydrates (including prebiotics) is increasingly seen as a highly effective approach for manipulating the composition and activities of the human gut microbiota to...

    Authors: Wing Sun Faith Chung, Alan W. Walker, Petra Louis, Julian Parkhill, Joan Vermeiren, Douwina Bosscher, Sylvia H. Duncan and Harry J. Flint
    Citation: BMC Biology 2016 14:3
  6. Phenoloxidase (PO)-catalyzed melanization is a universal defense mechanism of insects against pathogenic and parasitic infections. In mosquitos such as Anopheles gambiae, melanotic encapsulation is a resistance m...

    Authors: Yingxia Hu, Yang Wang, Junpeng Deng and Haobo Jiang
    Citation: BMC Biology 2016 14:2
  7. An emerging cavefish model, the cyprinid genus Sinocyclocheilus, is endemic to the massive southwestern karst area adjacent to the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau of China. In order to understand whether orogeny influenc...

    Authors: Junxing Yang, Xiaoli Chen, Jie Bai, Dongming Fang, Ying Qiu, Wansheng Jiang, Hui Yuan, Chao Bian, Jiang Lu, Shiyang He, Xiaofu Pan, Yaolei Zhang, Xiaoai Wang, Xinxin You, Yongsi Wang, Ying Sun…
    Citation: BMC Biology 2016 14:1
  8. Understanding the evolution of divergent developmental trajectories requires detailed comparisons of embryologies at appropriate levels. Cell lineages, the accurate visualization of cleavage patterns, tissue f...

    Authors: Thomas Stach and Chiara Anselmi
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:113
  9. Genetic interactions, or non-additive effects between genes, play a crucial role in many cellular processes and disease. Which mechanisms underlie these genetic interactions has hardly been characterized. Unde...

    Authors: Katrin Sameith, Saman Amini, Marian J. A. Groot Koerkamp, Dik van Leenen, Mariel Brok, Nathalie Brabers, Philip Lijnzaad, Sander R. van Hooff, Joris J. Benschop, Tineke L. Lenstra, Eva Apweiler, Sake van Wageningen, Berend Snel, Frank C. P. Holstege and Patrick Kemmeren
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:112
  10. SAFB1 is a RNA binding protein implicated in the regulation of multiple cellular processes such as the regulation of transcription, stress response, DNA repair and RNA processing. To gain further insight into ...

    Authors: Caroline Rivers, Jalilah Idris, Helen Scott, Mark Rogers, Youn-Bok Lee, Jessica Gaunt, Leonidas Phylactou, Tomaz Curk, Colin Campbell, Jernej Ule, Michael Norman and James B. Uney
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:111
  11. Insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle is associated with metabolic flexibility, including a high capacity to increase fatty acid (FA) oxidation in response to increased lipid supply. Lipid overload, however, ...

    Authors: Tom Ashmore, Lee D. Roberts, Andrea J. Morash, Aleksandra O. Kotwica, John Finnerty, James A. West, Steven A. Murfitt, Bernadette O. Fernandez, Cristina Branco, Andrew S. Cowburn, Kieran Clarke, Randall S. Johnson, Martin Feelisch, Julian L. Griffin and Andrew J. Murray
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:110
  12. Zebrafish are able to regenerate various organs and tissues after damage or amputation. To understand better the genetic controls of this process, the authors of this study investigated the expression of two g...

    Authors: Emma Saxon
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:109
  13. Karrikins are a family of compounds produced by wildfires that can stimulate the germination of dormant seeds of plants from numerous families. Seed plants could have ‘discovered’ karrikins during fire-prone t...

    Authors: Gavin R. Flematti, Kingsley W Dixon and Steven M. Smith
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:108
  14. Membrane proteins regulate a diversity of physiological processes and are the most successful class of targets in drug discovery. However, the number of targets adequately explored in chemical space and the li...

    Authors: Joshua C. Snyder, Thomas F. Pack, Lauren K. Rochelle, Subhasish K. Chakraborty, Ming Zhang, Andrew W. Eaton, Yushi Bai, Lauren A. Ernst, Larry S. Barak, Alan S. Waggoner and Marc G. Caron
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:107
  15. The deep-sea hypersaline anoxic basins (DHABs) of the Mediterranean (water depth ~3500 m) are some of the most extreme oceanic habitats known. Brines of DHABs are nearly saturated with salt, leading many to su...

    Authors: Joan M. Bernhard, Colin R. Morrison, Ellen Pape, David J. Beaudoin, M. Antonio Todaro, Maria G. Pachiadaki, Konstantinos Ar. Kormas and Virginia P. Edgcomb
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:105
  16. The hormonal state during the estrus cycle or pregnancy produces alterations on female olfactory perception that are accompanied by specific maternal behaviors, but it is unclear how sex hormones act on the ol...

    Authors: Livio Oboti, Ximena Ibarra-Soria, Anabel Pérez-Gómez, Andreas Schmid, Martina Pyrski, Nicole Paschek, Sarah Kircher, Darren W. Logan, Trese Leinders-Zufall, Frank Zufall and Pablo Chamero
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:104
  17. Precise spatiotemporal control of gene expression is essential for the establishment of correct cell numbers and identities during brain development. This process involves epigenetic control mechanisms, such a...

    Authors: Martina Zemke, Kalina Draganova, Annika Klug, Anne Schöler, Luis Zurkirchen, Max Hans-Peter Gay, Phil Cheng, Haruhiko Koseki, Tomas Valenta, Dirk Schübeler, Konrad Basler and Lukas Sommer
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:103
  18. Population genetics predicts that tight linkage between new and/or pre-existing beneficial and deleterious alleles should decrease the efficiency of natural selection in finite populations. By decoupling benef...

    Authors: Dau Dayal Aggarwal, Eugenia Rashkovetsky, Pawel Michalak, Irit Cohen, Yefim Ronin, Dan Zhou, Gabriel G. Haddad and Abraham B. Korol
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:101
  19. Force generation and the material properties of cells and tissues are central to morphogenesis but remain difficult to measure in vivo. Insight is often limited to the ratios of mechanical properties obtained ...

    Authors: Pedro F. Machado, Julia Duque, Jocelyn Étienne, Alfonso Martinez-Arias, Guy B. Blanchard and Nicole Gorfinkiel
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:98
  20. New Caledonian crows use a range of foraging tools, and are the only non-human species known to craft hooks. Based on a small number of observations, their manufacture of hooked stick tools has previously been...

    Authors: Barbara C. Klump, Shoko Sugasawa, James J. H. St Clair and Christian Rutz
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:97
  21. During cell-cycle progression, substrates of a single master regulatory enzyme can be modified in a specific order. Here, we used experimental and computational approaches to dissect the quantitative mechanism...

    Authors: Dan Lu, Juliet R. Girard, Weihan Li, Arda Mizrak and David O. Morgan
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:96
  22. The rapidly growing metagenomic databases provide increasing opportunities for computational discovery of new groups of organisms. Identification of new viruses is particularly straightforward given the compar...

    Authors: Natalya Yutin, Sofiya Shevchenko, Vladimir Kapitonov, Mart Krupovic and Eugene V. Koonin
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:95
  23. Tissue networks such as the vascular networks of plant and animal organs transport signals and nutrients in most multicellular organisms. The transport function of tissue networks depends on topological featur...

    Authors: Carla Verna, Megan G. Sawchuk, Nguyen Manh Linh and Enrico Scarpella
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:94
  24. Complement is a large protein network in plasma that is crucial for human immune defenses and a major cause of aberrant inflammatory reactions. The C5 convertase is a multi-molecular protease complex that cata...

    Authors: Evelien T. M. Berends, Ronald D. Gorham Jr, Maartje Ruyken, Jasper A. Soppe, Hatice Orhan, Piet C. Aerts, Carla J. C. de Haas, Piet Gros and Suzan H. M. Rooijakkers
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:93
  25. Oat plants grown at an agricultural research facility produce higher yields in Field 1 than in Field 2, under well fertilised conditions and with similar weather exposure; all oat plants in both fields are hea...

    Authors: Emma Saxon
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:91
  26. Although prevalent in prokaryotes, horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is rarer in multicellular eukaryotes. Bdelloid rotifers are microscopic animals that contain a higher proportion of horizontally transferred, n...

    Authors: Isobel Eyres, Chiara Boschetti, Alastair Crisp, Thomas P. Smith, Diego Fontaneto, Alan Tunnacliffe and Timothy G. Barraclough
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:90
  27. Ejaculates contain a diverse mixture of sperm and seminal fluid proteins, the combination of which is crucial to male reproductive success under competitive conditions. Males should therefore tailor the produc...

    Authors: Steven A. Ramm, Dominic A. Edward, Amy J. Claydon, Dean E. Hammond, Philip Brownridge, Jane L. Hurst, Robert J. Beynon and Paula Stockley
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:87
  28. Oat plants grown at an agricultural research facility produce higher yields in Field 1 than in Field 2, under well fertilised conditions and with similar weather exposure; all oat plants in both fields are hea...

    Authors: Emma Saxon
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:86
  29. How a potentially diverse population of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) differentiates and proliferates to supply more than 1011 mature blood cells every day in humans remains a key biological question. We invest...

    Authors: Sidhartha Goyal, Sanggu Kim, Irvin SY Chen and Tom Chou
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:85
  30. The pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum is an agriculturally important pest of leguminous plants including peas and broad beans. The widespread use of chemical pesticides impacts heavily on the environment, and increas...

    Authors: Emma Saxon
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:83
  31. Some yeasts have evolved a methylotrophic lifestyle enabling them to utilize the single carbon compound methanol as a carbon and energy source. Among them, Pichia pastoris (syn. Komagataella sp.) is frequently us...

    Authors: Hannes Rußmayer, Markus Buchetics, Clemens Gruber, Minoska Valli, Karlheinz Grillitsch, Gerda Modarres, Raffaele Guerrasio, Kristaps Klavins, Stefan Neubauer, Hedda Drexler, Matthias Steiger, Christina Troyer, Ali Al Chalabi, Guido Krebiehl, Denise Sonntag, Günther Zellnig…
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:80
  32. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) is the foremost strategy used for finding genes that control human diseases and agriculturally important traits, but it often reports false positives. In contrast, its co...

    Authors: Chunhui Li, Yongxiang Li, Peter J. Bradbury, Xun Wu, Yunsu Shi, Yanchun Song, Dengfeng Zhang, Eli Rodgers-Melnick, Edward S. Buckler, Zhiwu Zhang, Yu Li and Tianyu Wang
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:78
  33. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and growth and differentiation factor (GDF)-5 are two related transforming growth factor (TGF)-β family members with important functions in embryonic development and tissue h...

    Authors: Uwe Klammert, Thomas D. Mueller, Tina V. Hellmann, Kristian K. Wuerzler, Alexander Kotzsch, Anna Schliermann, Werner Schmitz, Alexander C. Kuebler, Walter Sebald and Joachim Nickel
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:77
  34. Bacterial spores can remain dormant for decades, yet harbor the exceptional capacity to rapidly resume metabolic activity and recommence life. Although germinants and their corresponding receptors have been kn...

    Authors: Alex Rosenberg, Boumediene Soufi, Vaishnavi Ravikumar, Nelson C. Soares, Karsten Krug, Yoav Smith, Boris Macek and Sigal Ben-Yehuda
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:76
  35. Plants under herbivore attack release volatiles that attract natural enemies, and herbivores in turn avoid such plants. Whilst herbivore-induced plant volatile blends appeared to reduce the attractiveness of h...

    Authors: Eduardo Hatano, Ahmed M. Saveer, Felipe Borrero-Echeverry, Martin Strauch, Ali Zakir, Marie Bengtsson, Rickard Ignell, Peter Anderson, Paul G. Becher, Peter Witzgall and Teun Dekker
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:75
  36. Recent genome projects of various animals have uncovered an unexpectedly large number of opsin genes, which encode protein moieties of photoreceptor molecules, in most animals. In visual systems, the biologica...

    Authors: Mitsumasa Koyanagi, Seiji Wada, Emi Kawano-Yamashita, Yuichiro Hara, Shigehiro Kuraku, Shigeaki Kosaka, Koichi Kawakami, Satoshi Tamotsu, Hisao Tsukamoto, Yoshinori Shichida and Akihisa Terakita
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:73
  37. The shoot meristem gives rise to new organs throughout a plant’s life by the activity of pluripotent stem cells in the meristem center. Organ initiation at the periphery of the shoot meristem is triggered by t...

    Authors: Farshad Roodbarkelari, Fei Du, Elisabeth Truernit and Thomas Laux
    Citation: BMC Biology 2015 13:74
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